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12) Parshah Vayechi וַיְחִי

https://www.chabad.org/parshah/default_cdo/jewish/Torah-Portion.htm

Parshah in a Nutshell for Vayechi

Genesis 47:28-50:26

Jacob lives the final 17 years of his life in Egypt. Before his passing, he asks Joseph to take an oath that he will bury him in the Holy Land. He blesses Joseph’s two sons, Manasseh and Ephraim, elevating them to the status of his own sons as progenitors of tribes within the nation of Israel.

The patriarch desires to reveal the end of days to his children, but is prevented from doing so. Jacob blesses his sons, assigning to each his role as a tribe: Judah will produce leaders, legislators and kings; priests will come from Levi, scholars from Issachar, seafarers from Zebulun, schoolteachers from Shimon, soldiers from Gad, judges from Dan, olive growers from Asher, and so on. Reuben is rebuked for “confusing his father’s marriage”; Shimon and Levi for the massacre of Shechem and the plot against Joseph. Naphtali is granted the swiftness of a deer, Benjamin the ferociousness of a wolf, and Joseph is blessed with beauty and fertility.

A large funeral procession consisting of Jacob’s descendants, Pharaoh’s ministers, the leading citizens of Egypt and the Egyptian cavalry accompanies Jacob on his final journey to the Holy Land, where he is buried in the Machpeilah Cave in Hebron.

Joseph, too, dies in Egypt, at the age of 110. He, too, instructs that his bones be taken out of Egypt and buried in the Holy Land, but this would come to pass only with the Israelites’ Exodus from Egypt many years later. Before his passing, Joseph conveys to the Children of Israel the testament from which they will draw their hope and faith in the difficult years to come: “G*d will surely remember you, and bring you up out of this land to the land of which He swore to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.”

 

Torah reading for Vayechi

Genesis 47:28-50:26

1st Portion

Chapter 47

28. And Jacob lived in the land of Egypt for seventeen years, and Jacob’s days, the years of his life, were a hundred and forty seven years. 29. When the time drew near for Israel to die, he called his son Joseph and said to him, “If I have now found favor in your eyes, now place your hand beneath my thigh, and you shall deal with me with lovingkindness and truth; do not bury me now in Egypt. 30. I will lie with my forefathers, and you shall carry me out of Egypt, and you shall bury me in their grave.” And he said, “I will do as you say.” 31. And he said, “Swear to me. ” So he swore to him, and Israel prostrated himself on the head of the bed.

Chapter 48

1. Now it came to pass after these incidents that [someone] said to Joseph, “Behold, your father is ill.” So he took his two sons with him, Manasseh and Ephraim. 2. And [someone] told Jacob and said, “Behold, your son Joseph is coming to you.” And Israel summoned his strength and sat up on the bed. 3. And Jacob said to Joseph, “Almighty G*d appeared to me in Luz, in the land of Canaan, and He blessed me. 4. And He said to me, ‘Behold, I will make you fruitful and cause you to multiply, and I will make you into a congregation of peoples, and I will give this land to your seed after you for an everlasting inheritance.’ 5. And now, [as for] your two sons, who were born to you in the land of Egypt, until I came to you, to the land of Egypt they are mine. Ephraim and Manasseh shall be mine like Reuben and Simeon. 6. But your children, if you beget [any] after them, shall be yours; by their brothers’ names they shall be called in their inheritance. 7. As for me, when I came from Padan, Rachel died to me in the land of Canaan on the way, when there was still a stretch of land to come to Ephrath, and I buried her there on the way to Ephrath, which is Bethlehem.” 8. Then Israel saw Joseph’s sons, and he said, “Who are these?” 9. Joseph said to his father, “They are my sons, whom G*d gave me here.” So he said, “Now bring them near to me, so that I may bless them.”

2nd Portion

Chapter 48

10. Now Israel’s eyes had become heavy with age, [to the extent that] he could not see. So he drew them near to him, and he kissed them and embraced them. 11. And Israel said to Joseph, “I had not expected to see [even] your face, and behold, G*d has shown me your children too.” 12. And Joseph took them out from upon his [Jacob’s] knees, and he prostrated himself to the ground. 13. And Joseph took them both, Ephraim at his right, from Israel’s left, and Manasseh at his left, from Israel’s right, and he brought [them] near to him. 14. But Israel stretched out his right hand and placed [it] on Ephraim’s head, although he was the younger, and his left hand [he placed] on Manasseh’s head. He guided his hands deliberately, for Manasseh was the firstborn. 15. And he blessed Joseph and said, “G*d, before Whom my fathers, Abraham and Isaac, walked, G*d Who sustained me as long as I am alive, until this day, 16. may the angel who redeemed me from all harm bless the youths, and may they be called by my name and the name of my fathers, Abraham and Isaac, and may they multiply abundantly like fish, in the midst of the land.”

3rd Portion

Chapter 48

17. And Joseph saw that his father was placing his right hand on Ephraim’s head, and it displeased him. So he held up his father’s hand to remove it from upon Ephraim’s head [to place it] on Manasseh’s head. 18. And Joseph said to his father, “Not so, Father, for this one is the firstborn; put your right hand on his head.” 19. But his father refused, and he said, “I know, my son, I know; he too will become a people, and he too will be great. But his younger brother will be greater than he, and his children[‘s fame] will fill the nations.” 20. So he blessed them on that day, saying, “With you, Israel will bless, saying, ‘May G*d make you like Ephraim and like Manasseh,’ ” and he placed Ephraim before Manasseh. 21. And Israel said to Joseph, “Behold, I am going to die, and G*d will be with you, and He will return you to the land of your forefathers. 22. And I have given you one portion over your brothers, which I took from the hand of the Amorite with my sword and with my bow.”

4th Portion

Chapter 49

1. Jacob called for his sons and said, “Gather and I will tell you what will happen to you at the end of days. 2. Gather and listen, sons of Jacob, and listen to Israel, your father. 3. Reuben, you are my firstborn, my strength and the first of my might. [You should have been] superior in rank and superior in power. 4. [You have] the restlessness of water; [therefore,] you shall not have superiority, for you ascended upon your father’s couch; then you profaned [Him Who] ascended upon my bed. 5. Simeon and Levi are brothers; stolen instruments are their weapons. 6. Let my soul not enter their counsel; my honor, you shall not join their assembly, for in their wrath they killed a man, and with their will they hamstrung a bull. 7. Cursed be their wrath for it is mighty, and their anger because it is harsh. I will separate them throughout Jacob, and I will scatter them throughout Israel. 8. Judah, [as for] you, your brothers will acknowledge you. Your hand will be at the nape of your enemies, [and] your father’s sons will prostrate themselves to you. 9. A cub [and] a grown lion is Judah. From the prey, my son, you withdrew. He crouched, rested like a lion, and like a lion, who will rouse him? 10. The scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor the student of the law from between his feet, until Shiloh comes, and to him will be a gathering of peoples. 11. He binds his foal to a vine, and to a tendril [he binds] his young donkey. [He launders] his garment with wine, and with the blood of grapes binds his raiment. 12. [He is] red eyed from wine and white toothed from milk. 13. Zebulun will dwell on the coast of the seas; he [will be] at the harbor of the ships, and his boundary will be at Zidon. 14. Issachar is a bony donkey, lying between the boundaries. 15. He saw a resting place, that it was good, and the land, that it was pleasant, and he bent his shoulder to bear [burdens], and he became an indentured laborer. 16. Dan will avenge his people, like one, the tribes of Israel. 17. Dan will be a serpent on the road, a viper on the path, which bites the horse’s heels, so its rider falls backwards. 18. For Your salvation, I hope, O L*rd!

5th Portion

Chapter 49

19. [As for] Gad, a troop will troop forth from him, and it will troop back in its tracks. 20. From Asher will come rich food, and he will yield regal delicacies. 21. Naphtali is a swift gazelle; [he is one] who utters beautiful words.22. A charming son is Joseph, a son charming to the eye; [of the] women, [each one] strode along to see him. 23. They heaped bitterness upon him and became quarrelsome; yea, archers despised him. 24. But his bow was strongly established, and his arms were gilded from the hands of the Mighty One of Jacob; from there he sustained the rock of Israel, 25. from the G*d of your father, and He will help you, and with the Almighty, and He will bless you [with] the blessings of the heavens above, the blessings of the deep, lying below, the blessings of father and mother. 26. The blessings of your father surpassed the blessings of my parents, the ends of the everlasting hills. May they come to Joseph’s head and to the crown (of the head) of the one who was separated from his brothers.

6th Portion

Chapter 49

27. Benjamin is a wolf, he will prey; in the morning he will devour plunder, and in the evening he will divide the spoil.” 28. All these are the twelve tribes of Israel, and this is what their father spoke to them and blessed them; each man, according to his blessing, he blessed them. 29. And he commanded them and said to them, “I will be brought in to my people; bury me with my fathers, in the cave that is in the field of Ephron the Hittite, 30. in the cave that is in the field of Machpelah, which is before Mamre in the land of Canaan, which field Abraham bought from Ephron the Hittite for burial property. 31. There they buried Abraham and his wife Sarah, there they buried Isaac and his wife Rebecca, and there I buried Leah. 32. The purchase of the field and the cave therein was from the sons of Heth.” 33. And Jacob concluded commanding his sons, and he drew his legs [up] into the bed, and expired and was brought in to his people.

Chapter 50

1. Joseph fell on his father’s face, and he wept over him and kissed him. 2. And Joseph commanded his servants, the physicians, to embalm his father, and the physicians embalmed Israel. 3. And forty days were completed for him for so are the days of embalming completed and the Egyptians wept over him for seventy days. 4. When the days of his weeping had passed, Joseph spoke to Pharaoh’s household, saying, “If now I have found favor in your eyes, speak now in Pharaoh’s ears, saying, 5. ‘My father adjured me, saying, “Behold, I am going to die. In my grave, which I dug for myself in the land of Canaan, there you shall bury me.” So now, please let me go up and bury my father and return.’ ” 6. And Pharaoh said, “Go up and bury your father as he adjured you.” 7. So Joseph went up to bury his father, and all Pharaoh’s servants, the elders of his house, and all the elders of the land of Egypt went up with him, 8. and Joseph’s entire household and his brothers and his father’s household; only their young children and their flocks and cattle did they leave in the land of Goshen. 9. And chariots and horsemen also went up with him, and the camp was very numerous. 10. And they came to the threshing floor of the thornbushes, which is on the other side of the Jordan, and there they conducted a very great and impressive eulogy, and he made for his father a mourning of seven days. 11. The Canaanite[s], the inhabitant[s] of the land, saw the mourning at the threshing floor of the thornbushes, and they said, “This is an intense mourning for the Egyptians.” Therefore, they named it Abel Mizraim (Egypt mourns), which is on the other side of the Jordan. 12. And his sons did to him just as he had commanded them. 13. And his sons carried him to the land of Canaan, and they buried him in the cave of the field of Machpelah, which field Abraham had bought for burial property from Ephron the Hittite before Mamre. 14. And Joseph returned to Egypt, he and his brothers, and all who had gone up with him to bury his father, after he had buried his father. 15. Now Joseph’s brothers saw that their father had died, and they said, “Perhaps Joseph will hate us and return to us all the evil that we did to him.” 16. So they commanded [messengers to go] to Joseph, to say, “Your father commanded [us] before his death, saying, 17. ‘So shall you say to Joseph, “Please, forgive now your brothers’ transgression and their sin, for they did evil to you. Now please forgive the transgression of the servants of the G*d of your father.” ‘ ” Joseph wept when they spoke to him. 18. His brothers also went and fell before him, and they said, “Behold, we are your slaves.” 19. But Joseph said to them, “Don’t be afraid, for am I instead of G*d? 20. Indeed, you intended evil against me, [but] G*d designed it for good, in order to bring about what is at present to keep a great populace alive.

7th Portion

Chapter 50

21. So now do not fear. I will sustain you and your small children.” And he comforted them and spoke to their hearts. 22. So Joseph dwelt in Egypt, he and his father’s household, and Joseph lived a hundred and ten years. 23. Joseph saw children of a third generation [born] to Ephraim; also the sons of Machir the son of Manasseh were born on Joseph’s knees. 24. Joseph said to his brothers, “I am going to die; G*d will surely remember you and take you up out of this land to the land that He swore to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.” 25. And Joseph adjured the children of Israel, saying, “G*d will surely remember you, and you shall take up my bones out of here.” 26. And Joseph died at the age of one hundred ten years, and they embalmed him and he was placed into the coffin in Egypt.

Haftorah In a Nutshell for Vayechi

I Kings 2:1-12

In this week’s haftorah, King David delivers his deathbed message to his son and successor, Solomon, echoing this week’s Torah reading that discusses at length Jacob’s parting words and instructions to his sons.

King David encourages Solomon to be strong and to remain steadfast in his belief in G*d. This will ensure his success in all his endeavors as well as the continuation of the Davidic Dynasty. David then goes on to give his son some tactical instructions pertaining to various people who deserved punishment or reward for their actions during his reign.

The haftorah concludes with David’s death and his burial in the City of David. King Solomon takes his father’s place and his sovereignty is firmly established.

Haftorah Reading for Vayechi

I Kings

Chapter 2

1. And the days of David drew near that he should die; and he charged Solomon, his son, saying: 2. “I go the way of all the earth; you shall be strong, therefore, and show yourself a man; 3. And keep the charge of the L*rd your G*d to walk in His ways, to keep His statutes, and His commandments, and His judgments, and His testimonies, as it is written in the law of Moses, that you may prosper in all that you do, and wherever you turn; 4. That the L*rd may continue His word which He spoke concerning me, saying, ‘If your children take heed to their way, to walk before Me in truth with all their heart and with all their soul, there shall not fail you,’ said He, ‘a man on the throne of Israel.’ 5. Moreover, you also know what Joab the son of Zeruiah did to me, (and) what he did to the two captains of the hosts of Israel, to Abner the son of Ner, and to Amasa the son of Jether, whom he slew, and shed the blood of war in peace and put the blood of war upon his girdle (that was) about his loins, and in his shoes that (were) on his feet. 6. And you shall do according to your wisdom, and do not let his hoary head go down to the grave in peace. 7. But show kindness to the children of Barzillai the Gileadite, and let them be of those that eat at your table, for so did they befriend me when I fled from Absalom your brother. 8. And, behold, there is with you Shimei the son of Gera the Benjamite of Bahurim, who cursed me with a grievous curse on the day when I went to Mahanaim, and he came down to meet me at the Jordan, and I swore to him by the L*rd, saying, ‘I will not put you to death with the sword.’ 9. And now hold him not guiltless, for you are a wise man, and you will surely know what you ought to do to him, and you shall bring his hoary head down to the grave with blood.” 10. And David slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David. 11. And the days that David reigned over Israel (were) forty years, seven years he reigned in Hebron, and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty-three years. 12. And Solomon sat upon the throne of David his father, and his kingdom was firmly established.

11) Parshah Vayigash וַיִּגַּשׁ

https://www.chabad.org/parshah/default_cdo/aid/15557/jewish/Vayigash.htm

Parshah in a Nutshell for Vayigash

Genesis 44:18-47:27

Judah approaches Joseph to plead for the release of Benjamin, offering himself as a slave to the Egyptian ruler in Benjamin’s stead. Upon witnessing his brothers’ loyalty to one another, Joseph reveals his identity to them. “I am Joseph,” he declares. “Is my father still alive?”

The brothers are overcome by shame and remorse, but Joseph comforts them. “It was not you who sent me here,” he says to them, “but G*d. It has all been ordained from Above to save us, and the entire region, from famine.”

The brothers rush back to Canaan with the news. Jacob comes to Egypt with his sons and their families — seventy souls in all — and is reunited with his beloved son after 22 years. On his way to Egypt he receives the Divine promise: “Fear not to go down to Egypt; for I will there make of you a great nation. I will go down with you into Egypt, and I will also surely bring you up again.”

Joseph gathers the wealth of Egypt by selling food and seed during the famine. Pharaoh gives Jacob’s family the fertile county of Goshen to settle, and the children of Israel prosper in their Egyptian exile.

Torah reading for Vayigash

Genesis 44:18-47:27

1st Portion

Chapter 44

18. Then Judah approached him and said, “Please, my lord, let now your servant speak something into my lord’s ears, and let not your wrath be kindled against your servant, for you are like Pharaoh. 19. My lord asked his servants, saying, ‘Have you a father or a brother?’ 20. And we said to my lord, ‘We have an old father and a young child of his old age, and his brother is dead, and he is left alone of his mother, and his father loves him.’ 21. And you said to your servants, ‘Bring him down to me, and I will set my eye[s] upon him.’ 22. And we said to my lord, ‘The boy cannot leave his father, for if he leaves his father, he will die.’ 23. And you said to your servants, ‘If your youngest brother does not come down with you, you will not see my face again.’ 24. And it came to pass when we went up to your servant, my father, and we told him the words of my lord, 26. But we said, ‘We cannot go down; [only] if our youngest brother is with us will we go down, for we cannot see the man’s face if our youngest brother is not with us.’ 27. And your servant, my father, said to us, ‘You know that my wife bore me two [children]. 28. The one went away from me, and I said, “He has surely been torn to pieces, and I have not seen him since.” 29. Now if you take this one too away from me, and misfortune befalls him, you will bring down my hoary head in misery to the grave.’ 30. And now, when I come to your servant, my father, and the boy is not with us [since] his soul is attached to his (the boy’s) soul,

2nd Portion

Chapter 44

31. it will come to pass, when he sees that the boy is gone, he will die, and your servants will have brought down the hoary head of your servant, our father, in grief to the grave. 32. For your servant assumed responsibility for the boy from my father, saying, ‘If I do not bring him to you, I will have sinned against my father forever.’ 33. So now, please let your servant stay instead of the boy as a slave to my lord, and may the boy go up with his brothers. 34. For how will I go up to my father if the boy is not with me? Let me not see the misery that will befall my father!”

Chapter 45

1. Now Joseph could not bear all those standing beside him, and he called out, “Take everyone away from me!” So no one stood with him when Joseph made himself known to his brothers. 2. And he wept out loud, so the Egyptians heard, and the house of Pharaoh heard. 3. And Joseph said to his brothers, “I am Joseph. Is my father still alive?” but his brothers could not answer him because they were startled by his presence. 4. Then Joseph said to his brothers, “Please come closer to me,” and they drew closer. And he said, “I am your brother Joseph, whom you sold into Egypt. 5. But now do not be sad, and let it not trouble you that you sold me here, for it was to preserve life that G*d sent me before you. 6. For already two years of famine [have passed] in the midst of the land, and [for] another five years, there will be neither plowing nor harvest. 7. And G*d sent me before you to make for you a remnant in the land, and to preserve [it] for you for a great deliverance.

3rd Portion

Chapter 45

8. And now, you did not send me here, but G*d, and He made me a father to Pharaoh, a lord over all his household, and a ruler over the entire land of Egypt. 9. Hasten and go up to my father, and say to him, ‘So said your son, Joseph: “G*d has made me a lord over all the Egyptians. Come down to me, do not tarry. 10. And you shall dwell in the land of Goshen, and you shall be near to me, you and your children and your grandchildren, and your flocks and your cattle and all that is yours.11. And I will sustain you there for there are still five years of famine lest you become impoverished, you and your household and all that is yours.” ‘ 12. And behold, your eyes see, as well as the eyes of my brother Benjamin, that it is my mouth speaking to you. 13. And you shall tell my father [of] all my honor in Egypt and all that you have seen, and you shall hasten and bring my father down here.” 14. And he fell on his brother Benjamin’s neck and wept, and Benjamin wept on his neck. 15. And he kissed all his brothers and wept over them, and afterwards his brothers spoke with him. 16. And the voice was heard [in] Pharaoh’s house, saying, “Joseph’s brothers have come!” And it pleased Pharaoh and his servants. 17. And Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Tell your brothers, ‘Do this load up your beasts and go, enter the land of Canaan. 18. And take your father and your households and come to me, and I will give you the best of the land of Egypt, and [you will] eat the fat of the land.’ 19. And you [Joseph] have been commanded [to tell them], ‘Do this: take yourselves wagons from the land of Egypt for your young children and for your wives, and you shall carry your father and come. 20. And let your eye not be concerned about your utensils, for the best of all the land of Egypt is yours.’ ” 21. And the sons of Israel did so, and Joseph gave them wagons by Pharaoh’s orders, and he gave them provisions for the way. 22. He gave them all, to each one [several] changes of clothes, and to Benjamin he gave three hundred [pieces of] silver and five changes of clothes. 23. And to his father he sent the following: ten he donkeys carrying of the best of Egypt, and ten she donkeys carrying grain, bread, and [other] food, for his father for the way. 24. And he sent off his brothers, and they went, and he said to them, “Do not quarrel on the way.” 25. So they went up from Egypt, and they came to the land of Canaan, to their father, Jacob. 26. And they told him, saying, “Joseph is still alive,” and [they told him] that he ruled over the entire land of Egypt, and his heart changed, for he did not believe them. 27. And they told him all of Joseph’s words that he had said to them, and he saw the wagons that Joseph had sent to carry him, and the spirit of their father Jacob was revived.

4th Portion

Chapter 45

28. And Israel said, “Enough! My son Joseph is still alive. I will go and see him before I die.”

Chapter 46

1. And Israel and all that was his set out and came to Beer sheba, and he slaughtered sacrifices to the G*d of his father Isaac. 2. And G*d said to Israel in visions of the night, and He said, “Jacob, Jacob!” And he said, “Here I am.” 3. And He said, “I am G*d, the G*d of your father. Do not be afraid of going down to Egypt, for there I will make you into a great nation. 4. I will go down with you to Egypt, and I will also bring you up, and Joseph will place his hand on your eyes. 5. And Jacob arose from Beer sheba, and the sons of Israel carried their father Jacob and their young children and their wives, in the wagons Pharaoh had sent to carry him. 6. And they took their livestock and their possessions that they had acquired in the land of Canaan, and they came to Egypt, Jacob and all his descendants with him. 7. His sons and his sons’ sons with him, his daughters and his sons’ daughters and all his descendants he brought with him to Egypt.

5th Portion

Chapter 46

8. And these are the names of the children of Israel who were coming to Egypt: Jacob and his sons Jacob’s firstborn was Reuben. 9. And the sons of Reuben were Hanoch and Pallu, Hezron and Carmi. 10. And the sons of Simeon were Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Jachin, and Zohar, and Saul the son of the Canaanitess. 11. And the sons of Levi were Gershon, Kehath, and Merari. 12. And the sons of Judah were Er, Onan, Shelah, Perez, and Zerah. Now Er and Onan had died in the land of Canaan; and the sons of Perez were Hezron and Hamul. 13. And the sons of Issachar were Tola, Puvvah, Iob, and Shimron. 14. And the sons of Zebulun were Sered, Elon, and Jahleel. 15. These are the sons of Leah, that she bore to Jacob in Padan Aram, and Dinah his daughter. All the souls of his sons and daughters were thirty three. 16. And the sons of Gad were Ziphion, Haggi, Shuni, and Ezbon, Eri, Arodi, and Areli. 17. And the sons of Asher were Imnah, Ishvah, Ishvi, and Briah, and Serah, their sister; and the sons of Briah were Heber and Malkiel. 18. These are the sons of Zilpah, whom Laban gave to his daughter Leah, and she bore these to Jacob, sixteen souls. 19. The sons of Rachel, Jacob’s wife, were Joseph and Benjamin. 20. And to Joseph were born in the land of Egypt, whom Asenath, the daughter of Potiphera, the governor of On, bore to him: Manasseh and Ephraim. 21. And the sons of Benjamin were Bela, Becher, Ashbel, Gera, Na’aman, Ehi, and Rosh, Muppim, Huppim, and Ard. 22. These the sons of Rachel, who were born to Jacob: all the souls were fourteen. 23. And the sons of Dan: Hushim. 24. And the sons of Naphtali were Jahzeel, Guni, Jezer, and Shillem. 25. These are the sons of Bilhah, whom Laban had given to his daughter Rachel, and she bore these to Jacob, all the souls were seven. 26. All the souls coming to Egypt with Jacob, those descended from him, excluding the wives of Jacob’s sons, all the souls were sixty six. 27. And Joseph’s sons, who were born to him in Egypt, two souls; all the souls of the house of Jacob who came to Egypt were seventy.

6th Portion

Chapter 46

28. He sent Judah ahead of him to Joseph, to direct him to Goshen, and they came to the land of Goshen. 29. And Joseph harnessed his chariot, and he went up to meet Israel his father, to Goshen, and he appeared to him, and he fell on his neck, and he wept on his neck for a long time. 30. And Israel said to Joseph, “I will die this time, since I have seen your face, that you are still alive.” 31. Joseph said to his brothers and to his father’s household, “I will go up and tell Pharaoh, and I will say to him, ‘My brothers and my father’s household who were in the land of Canaan have come to me. 32. The men are shepherds, for they were [always] owners of livestock, and their flocks and their cattle and all they have they have brought.’ 33. And if it comes to pass that Pharaoh calls you and asks, ‘What is your occupation?’ 34. You shall say, ‘Your servants have been owners of livestock from our youth until now, both we and our ancestors,’ so that you may dwell in the land of Goshen, because all shepherds are abhorrent to the Egyptians.”

Chapter 47

1. Joseph came and told Pharaoh, and he said, “My father and my brothers and their flocks and their cattle and all that is theirs, have come from the land of Canaan, and behold, they are in the land of Goshen.” 2. And from among his brothers he took five men, and he presented them before Pharaoh. 3. And Pharaoh said to his brothers, “What is your occupation?” And they said to Pharaoh, “Your servants are shepherds, both we and our forefathers.” 4. And they said to Pharaoh, “We have come to sojourn in the land, for your servants’ flocks have no pasture, for the famine is severe in the land of Canaan. Now, please let your servants dwell in the land of Goshen.” 5. And Pharaoh spoke to Joseph, saying, “Your father and your brothers have come to you. 6. The land of Egypt is [open] before you; in the best of the land settle your father and your brothers. Let them dwell in the land of Goshen, and if you know that there are capable men among them, make them livestock officers over what is mine.” 7. So Joseph brought his father Jacob and stood him before Pharaoh, and Jacob greeted Pharaoh. 8. And Pharaoh said to Jacob, “How many are the days of the years of your life?” 9. And Jacob said to Pharaoh, “The days of the years of my sojournings are one hundred thirty years. The days of the years of my life have been few and miserable, and they have not reached the days of the years of the lives of my forefathers in the days of their sojournings.” 10. So Jacob blessed Pharaoh and left Pharaoh’s presence.

7th Portion

Chapter 47

11. Joseph settled his father and his brothers, and he gave them property in the land of Egypt, in the best of the land, in the land of Rameses, as Pharaoh had mandated. 12. And Joseph sustained his father and his brothers and his father’s entire household [with] bread according to the young children. 13. Now there was no food in the entire land, for the famine had grown exceedingly severe, and the land of Egypt and the land of Canaan were exhausted because of the famine. 14. And Joseph collected all the money that was found in the land of Egypt and in the land of Canaan with the grain that they were buying, and Joseph brought the money into Pharaoh’s house. 15. Now the money was depleted from the land of Egypt and from the land of Canaan, and all the Egyptians came to Joseph, saying, “Give us food; why should we die in your presence, since the money has been used up?” 16. And Joseph said, “Give [me] your livestock, and I will give you [food in return] for your livestock, if the money has been used up.” 17. So they brought their livestock to Joseph, and Joseph gave them food [in return] for the horses and for the livestock in flocks and in cattle and in donkeys, and he provided them with food [in return] for all their livestock in that year. 18. That year ended, and they came to him in the second year, and they said to him, “We will not hide from my lord, for insofar as the money and the property in animals have been forfeited to my lord, nothing remains before my lord, except our bodies and our farmland. 19. Why should we die before your eyes, both we and our farmland? Buy us and our farmland for food, so that we and our farmland will be slaves to Pharaoh, and give [us] seed, so that we live and not die, and the soil will not lie fallow.” 20. So Joseph bought all the farmland of the Egyptians for Pharaoh, for the Egyptians sold, each one his field, for the famine had become too strong for them, and the land became Pharaoh’s. 21. And he transferred the populace to the cities, from [one] end of the boundary of Egypt to its [other] end. 22. Only the farmland of the priests he did not buy, for the priests had an allotment from Pharaoh, and they ate their allotment that Pharaoh had given them; therefore, they did not sell their farmland. 23. Joseph said to the people, “Behold, I have bought you and your farmland today for Pharaoh. Behold, you have seed, so sow the soil. 24. And it shall be concerning the crops, that you shall give a fifth to Pharaoh, and the [remaining] four parts shall be yours: for seed for [your] field[s], for your food, for those in your houses, and for your young children to eat.” 25. They replied, “You have saved our lives! Let us find favor in my lord’s eyes, and we will be slaves to Pharaoh.” 26. So Joseph made it a statute to this day concerning the farmland of Egypt for the one fifth. Only the farmland of the priests alone did not become Pharaoh’s. 27. And Israel dwelt in the land of Egypt in the land of Goshen, and they acquired property in it, and they were prolific and multiplied greatly.

 

Haftorah In a Nutshell for Vayigash

Ezekiel 37:15-28

This week’s haftorah mentions the fusion of the kingdoms of Judah and Joseph during the Messianic Era, echoing the beginning of this week’s Torah reading: “And Judah approached him [Joseph].”

The prophet Ezekiel shares a prophecy he received, in which G*d instructs him to take two sticks and to write one one, “For Judah and for the children of Israel his companions” and on the other, “For Joseph, the stick of Ephraim and all the house of Israel, his companions.” After doing so he was told to put the two near each other, and G*d fused them into one stick.

G*d explains to Ezekiel that these sticks are symbolic of the House of Israel, that was divided into two (often warring) kingdoms: the Northern Kingdom that was established by Jeroboam, a member of the Tribe of Ephraim, and the Southern Kingdom, that remained under the reign of the Davidic (Judean) Dynasty. The fusing of the two sticks represented the merging of the kingdoms that will transpire during the Messianic Era — with the Messiah, a descendant of David, at the helm of this unified empire.

“So says the L*rd G*d: ‘Behold I will take the children of Israel from among the nations where they have gone, and I will gather them from every side, and I will bring them to their land. And I will make them into one nation in the land upon the mountains of Israel, and one king shall be to them all as a king…'”

The haftorah ends with G*d’s assurance that “they shall dwell on the land that I have given to My servant, to Jacob, wherein your forefathers lived; and they shall dwell upon it, they and their children and their children’s children, forever; and My servant David shall be their prince forever.”

Haftorah Reading for Vayigash

Ezekiel 37:15-28

Chapter 37

15. And the word of the L*rd came to me, saying: 16. “And you, son of man, take for yourself one stick and write upon it, ‘For Judah and for the children of Israel his companions’; and take one stick and write upon it, ‘For Joseph, the stick of Ephraim and all the house of Israel, his companions.’ 17. And bring them close, one to the other into one stick, and they shall be one in your hand. 18. And when the children of your people say to you, saying, ‘Will you not tell us what these are to you?’ 19. Say to them, So says the L*rd G*d: Behold I will take the stick of Joseph, which is in the hand of Ephraim and the tribes of Israel his companions, and I will place them with him with the stick of Judah, and I will make them into one stick, and they shall become one in My hand. 20. And the sticks upon which you shall write shall be in your hand before their eyes. 21. And say to them, So says the L*rd G*d: Behold I will take the children of Israel from among the nations where they have gone, and I will gather them from every side, and I will bring them to their land. 22. And I will make them into one nation in the land upon the mountains of Israel, and one king shall be to them all as a king; and they shall no longer be two nations, neither shall they be divided into two kingdoms anymore. 23. And they shall no longer defile themselves with their idols, with their detestable things, or with all their transgressions, and I will save them from all their habitations in which they have sinned, and I will purify them, and they shall be to Me as a people, and I will be to them as a G*d. 24. And My servant David shall be king over them, and one shepherd shall be for them all, and they shall walk in My ordinances and observe My statutes and perform them. 25. And they shall dwell on the land that I have given to My servant, to Jacob, wherein your forefathers lived; and they shall dwell upon it, they and their children and their children’s children, forever; and My servant David shall be their prince forever. 26. And I will form a covenant of peace for them, an everlasting covenant shall be with them; and I will establish them and I will multiply them, and I will place My Sanctuary in their midst forever. 27. And My dwelling place shall be over them, and I will be to them for a G*d, and they shall be to Me as a people. 28. And the nations shall know that I am the L*rd, Who sanctifies Israel, when My Sanctuary is in their midst forever.”

10) Parshah Mikeitz מִקֵּץ

https://www.chabad.org/parshah/default_cdo/aid/15556/jewish/Mikeitz.htm

Parshah in a Nutshell for Mikeitz

Genesis 41:1-44:17

Joseph’s imprisonment finally ends when Pharaoh dreams of seven fat cows that are swallowed up by seven lean cows, and of seven fat ears of grain swallowed by seven lean ears. Joseph interprets the dreams to mean that seven years of plenty will be followed by seven years of hunger, and advises Pharaoh to store grain during the plentiful years. Pharaoh appoints Joseph governor of Egypt. Joseph marries Asenat, daughter of Potiphar, and they have two sons, Menasseh and Ephraim.

Famine spreads throughout the region, and food can be obtained only in Egypt. Ten of Joseph’s brothers come to Egypt to purchase grain; the youngest, Benjamin, stays home, for Jacob fears for his safety. Joseph recognizes his brothers, but they do not recognize him; he accuses them of being spies, insists that they bring Benjamin to prove that they are who they say they are, and imprisons Shimon as a hostage. Later, they discover that the money they paid for their provisions has been mysteriously returned to them.

Jacob agrees to send Benjamin only after Judah assumes personal and eternal responsibility for him. This time Joseph receives them kindly, releases Shimon, and invites them to an eventful dinner at his home. But then he plants his silver goblet, purportedly imbued with magic powers, in Benjamin’s sack. When the brothers set out for home the next morning they are pursued, searched, and arrested when the goblet is discovered. Joseph offers to set them free and retain only Benjamin as his slave.

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Torah reading for Mikeitz

Genesis 41:1-44:17

1st Portion

Chapter 3

1. It came to pass at the end of two full years, that Pharaoh was dreaming, and behold, he was standing by the Nile. 2. And behold, from the Nile were coming up seven cows, of handsome appearance and robust flesh, and they pastured in the marshland. 3. And behold, seven other cows were coming up after them from the Nile, of ugly appearance and lean of flesh, and they stood beside the cows [which were] on the Nile bank. 4. And the cows of ugly appearance and lean of flesh devoured the seven cows that were of handsome appearance and healthy; then Pharaoh awoke. 5. And he fell asleep and dreamed again, and behold, seven ears of grain were growing on one stalk, healthy and good. 6. And behold, seven ears of grain, thin and beaten by the east wind, were growing up after them. 7. And the thin ears of grain swallowed up the seven healthy and full ears of grain; then Pharaoh awoke, and behold, a dream. 8. Now it came to pass in the morning that his spirit was troubled; so he sent and called all the necromancers of Egypt and all its sages, and Pharaoh related to them his dream, but no one interpreted them for Pharaoh. 9. Now the chief cupbearer spoke with Pharaoh, saying, “I call to mind my faults today. 10. Pharaoh was angry with his servants, and he put me in prison, in the house of the chief slaughterer, me and the chief baker. 11. And we dreamed a dream on the same night, I and he; each one according to the interpretation of his dream, we dreamed. 12. And there with us was a Hebrew lad, a slave of the chief slaughterer, and we told him, and he interpreted our dreams for us; [for] each [of us], he interpreted according to his dream. 13. And it came to pass that just as he had interpreted, so it was; me he restored to my position, and him he hanged.” 14. So Pharaoh sent and called Joseph, and they rushed him from the dungeon, and he shaved and changed his clothes, and he [then] came to Pharaoh.

2nd Portion

Chapter 41

15. And Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I have dreamed a dream, and there is no interpreter for it, but I have heard it said of you [that] you understand a dream, to interpret it.” 16. And Joseph replied to Pharaoh, saying, “Not I; G*d will give an answer [that will bring] peace to Pharaoh.” 17. And Pharaoh said to Joseph, “In my dream, behold, I was standing on the bank of the Nile. 18. And behold, seven cows of robust flesh and handsome form were ascending from the Nile, and they pastured in the marshland. 19. And behold, seven other cows were ascending after them, emaciated and of very ugly form and with meager flesh; I have not seen such ugly ones throughout the entire land of Egypt. 20. And the meager and ugly cows devoured the first seven healthy cows. 21. And they went inside them, but it was not known that they had gone inside of them, for their appearance was as ugly as in the beginning; then I awoke. 22. Then I saw in my dream, and behold, seven ears of grain were growing on one stalk, full and good. 23. And behold, seven ears of grain, hardened, thin, and beaten by the east wind, were growing up after them. 24. And the thin ears of grain swallowed up the seven good ears of grain; I told the necromancers, but no one tells me [its meaning].” 25. And Joseph said to Pharaoh, “Pharaoh’s dream is one; what G*d is doing He has told Pharaoh. 26. The seven good cows are seven years, and the seven good ears of grain are seven years; it is one dream. 27. And the seven meager and ugly cows coming up after them are seven years, and the seven empty ears of grain, beaten by the east wind, will be seven years of famine. 28. It is this matter that I have spoken to Pharaoh; what G*d is about to do He has shown Pharaoh. 29. Behold, seven years are coming, great plenty throughout all the land of Egypt. 30. And seven years of famine will arise after them, and all the plenty will be forgotten in the land of Egypt, and the famine will destroy the land. 31. And the plenty will not be known because of that famine to follow, for it [will be] very severe. 32. And concerning the repetition of the dream to Pharaoh twice that is because the matter is ready [to emanate] from G*d, and G*d is hastening to execute it. 33. So now, let Pharaoh seek out an understanding and wise man and appoint him over the land of Egypt. 34. Let Pharaoh do [this] and appoint officials over the land and prepare the land of Egypt during the seven years of plenty. 35. And let them collect all the food of these coming seven good years, and let them gather the grain under Pharaoh’s hand, food in the cities, and keep it. 36. Thus the food will remain as a reserve for the land for the seven years of famine which will be in the land of Egypt, so that the land will not be destroyed by the famine.” 37. The matter pleased Pharaoh and all his servants. 38. So Pharaoh said to his servants, “Will we find [anyone] like this, a man in whom there is the spirit of G*d?”

3rd Portion

Chapter 41

39. Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Since G*d has let you know all this, there is no one as understanding and wise as you. 40. You shall be [appointed] over my household, and through your command all my people shall be nourished; only [with] the throne will I be greater than you.” 41. So Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Look, I have appointed you over the entire land of Egypt.” 42. And Pharaoh removed his ring from his hand and placed it on Joseph’s hand, and he attired him [with] raiment of fine linen, and he placed the golden chain around his neck. 43. And he had him ride in his chariot of second rank, and they called out before him, “[This is] the king’s patron,” appointing him over the entire land of Egypt. 44. And Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I am Pharaoh, and besides you, no one may lift his hand or his foot in the entire land of Egypt.” 45. And Pharaoh named Joseph Zaphenath Pa’neach, and he gave him Asenath the daughter of Poti phera, the governor of On, for a wife, and Joseph went forth over the land of Egypt. 46. And Joseph was thirty years old when he stood before Pharaoh the king of Egypt, and Joseph went out from before Pharaoh and passed through the entire land of Egypt. 47. And in the seven years of plenty, [the inhabitants of] the land gathered [food] by handfuls. 48. And he collected all the food of the seven years that was in the land of Egypt, and he placed food in the cities, the food of the field surrounding the city, he put within it. 49. And Joseph gathered grain like the sand of the sea, in great abundance, until [one] stopped counting, because there was no number. 50. And to Joseph were born two sons before the year of the famine set in, whom Asenath the daughter of Poti phera, the governor of On, bore to him. 51. And Joseph named the firstborn Manasseh, for “G*d has caused me to forget all my toil and all my father’s house.” 52. And the second one he named Ephraim, for “G*d has made me fruitful in the land of my affliction.”

4th Portion

Chapter 41

53. And the seven years of plenty that were in the land of Egypt were finished. 54. And the seven years of famine began, as Joseph had said, and there was famine in all the lands, but throughout the land of Egypt there was bread. 55. When the entire land of Egypt hungered, the people cried out to Pharaoh for bread, but Pharaoh said to all the Egyptians, “Go to Joseph; what he tells you, do.” 56. Now the famine spread over all the face of the land, and Joseph opened all [the storehouses] in which there was [grain], and he sold [it] to the Egyptians, and the famine intensified in the land of Egypt. 57. And all [the inhabitants of] the land came to Egypt to Joseph to purchase, for the famine had intensified in the entire land.

Chapter 42

1. Jacob saw that there was grain being sold in Egypt; so Jacob said to his sons, “Why do you appear satiated?” 2. And he said, “Behold, I have heard that there is grain being sold in Egypt. Go down there and buy us [some] from there, so that we will live and not die.” 3. So Joseph’s ten brothers went down to buy grain from Egypt. 4. But Joseph’s brother, Benjamin, Jacob did not send with his brothers, because, he said, “Lest misfortune befall him.” 5. So the sons of Israel came to purchase among those who came, for the famine was in the land of Canaan. 6. Now Joseph was the ruler over the land; it was he who sold grain to the entire populace of the land, and Joseph’s brothers came and prostrated themselves to him, with their faces to the ground. 7. And Joseph saw his brothers, and he recognized them, but he made himself a stranger to them, and he spoke to them harshly, and he said to them, “Where do you come from?” And they said, “From the land of Canaan to purchase food.” 8. Now Joseph recognized his brothers, but they did not recognize him. 9. And Joseph remembered the dreams that he had dreamed about them, and he said to them, “You are spies; you have come to see the nakedness of the land.” 10. And they said to him, “No, my master, your servants have come to buy food. 11. We are all sons of one man. We are honest. Your servants were never spies.” 12. But he said to them, “No! But you have come to see the nakedness of the land.” 13. And they said, “We, your servants, are twelve brothers, the sons of one man in the land of Canaan, and behold, the youngest is with our father today, and one is gone.” 14. And Joseph said to them, “This is just what I have spoken to you, saying, ‘You are spies.’ 15. With this you shall be tested: By Pharaoh’s life, you shall not leave this place unless your youngest brother comes here. 16. Send one of you and let him fetch your brother, and you will be imprisoned so that your words will be tested whether truth is with you, and if not, as Pharaoh lives, you are spies!” 17. And he put them in prison for three days. 18. On the third day, Joseph said to them: “Do this and live I fear G*d.

5th Portion

Chapter 42

19. If you are honest, your one brother will be confined in your prison, and you, go bring the grain for the hunger of your households. 20. And bring your youngest brother to me, so that your words may be verified, and you will not die.” And they did so. 21. And they said to one another, “Indeed, we are guilty for our brother, that we witnessed the distress of his soul when he begged us, and we did not listen. That is why this trouble has come upon us.” 22. And Reuben answered them, saying, “Didn’t I tell you, saying, ‘Do not sin against the lad,’ but you did not listen? Behold, his blood, too, is being demanded!” 23. They did not know that Joseph understood, for the interpreter was between them. 24. And he turned away from them and wept, then returned to them and spoke to them; and he took Simeon from among them and imprisoned him before their eyes. 25. And Joseph commanded, and they filled their vessels with grain, and [he commanded] to return their money into each one’s sack, and to give them provisions for the journey, and he did so for them. 26. And they loaded their grain upon their donkeys, and they went away from there. 27. The one opened his sack to give fodder to his donkey at the lodging place, and he saw his money there it was, in the mouth of his sack. 28. And he said to his brothers, “My money has been returned, and indeed, here it is in my sack! ” Their hearts sank, and trembling, they turned to one another, saying, “What is this that G*d has done to us?” 29. And they came to Jacob their father, to the land of Canaan, and they told him all that had befallen them, saying, 30. “The man, the lord of the land, spoke to us harshly, and he accused us of spying on the land. 31. And we said to him, ‘We are honest; we were never spies. 32. We are twelve brothers, the sons of our father; one is gone, and today the youngest is with our father in the land of Canaan.’ 33. And the man, the lord of the land, said to us, ‘With this I will know that you are honest; leave one of your brothers with me, and [what is needed for] the hunger of your households, take and go. 34. And bring your youngest brother to me, so that I will know that you are not spies, that you are honest; [then] I will give you your brother, and you may travel around in the land.’ ” 35. And it came to pass that they were emptying their sacks and behold! Each one’s bundle of money was in his sack; they saw the bundles of their money, they and their father, and they became frightened. 36. And their father Jacob said to them, “You have bereaved me-Joseph is gone, and Simeon is gone, and you want to take Benjamin! All these troubles have come upon me.” 37. And Reuben spoke to his father, saying, “You may put my two sons to death if I don’t bring him (Benjamin) to you. Put him into my hand[s] and I will return him to you.” 38. But he (Jacob) said, “My son shall not go down with you, because his brother is dead, and he alone is left, and if misfortune befalls him on the way you are going, you will bring down my gray head in sorrow to the grave.”

Chapter 43

1. But the hunger was severe in the land. 2. And it came to pass, when they finished eating the grain that they had brought from Egypt, that their father said to them, “Go back [and] buy us a little food.” 3. But Judah spoke to him, saying, “The man warned us repeatedly, saying, ‘You shall not see my face if your brother is not with you.’ 4. If you send our brother with us, we will go down and buy food for you. 5. But if you do not send [him], we will not go down, because the man said to us, ‘You shall not see my face if your brother is not with you.’ ” 6. And Israel said, “Why have you harmed me, by telling the man that you have another brother?” 7. They said, “The man asked about us and about our family, saying, ‘Is your father still alive? Do you have a brother?’ And we told him according to these words. Could we have known that he would say, ‘Bring your brother down’?” 8. And Judah said to Israel, his father, “Send the lad with me, and we will get up and go, and we will live and not die, both we and you and also our young children. 9. I will guarantee him; from my hand you can demand him. If I do not bring him to you and stand him up before you, I will have sinned against you forever. 10. For had we not tarried, by now we would have already returned twice.” 11. So Israel, their father, said to them, “If so, then do this: take some of the choice products of the land in your vessels, a little balm and a little honey, wax and lotus, pistachios and almonds. 12. And take double the money in your hand[s], and the money that was returned in the mouth of your sacks you shall return in your hand[s], perhaps it was an error. 13. And take your brother, and get up, go back to the man. 14. And may the Almighty G*d grant you compassion before the man, and he will release to you your other brother and Benjamin, and as for me as I am bereaved, I am bereaved.” 15. So the men took this gift, and they took double the money in their hand[s] and Benjamin, and they got up and went down to Egypt and stood before Joseph.

6th Portion

Chapter 43

16. [When] Joseph saw Benjamin with them, he said to the overseer of his house, “Bring the men into the house and [give orders] to slaughter an animal and to prepare, for the men will eat with me at lunch.” 17. And the man did as Joseph had said, and the man brought the men into Joseph’s house. 18. Now the men were frightened because they had been brought into Joseph’s house, and they said, “On account of the money that came back in our sacks at first, we are brought, to roll upon us and to fall upon us and to take us as slaves and our donkeys [as well].” 19. So they drew near the man who was over Joseph’s house, and they spoke to him at the entrance of the house. 20. And they said, “Please, my lord, we came down at first to purchase food. 21. And it came to pass when we came to the lodging place that we opened our sacks, and behold! each man’s money was in the mouth of his sack, and we returned it in our hand[s]. 22. And we brought down other money in our hand[s] to purchase food. We do not know who put our money into our sacks.” 23. And he said, “Peace to you; fear not. Your G*d and the G*d of your father gave you a treasure in your sacks; your money came to me.” And he brought Simeon out to them. 24. Then the man brought the men (the brothers) into Joseph’s house, and he gave [them] water, and they washed their feet, and he gave fodder to their donkeys. 25. And they prepared the gift until Joseph would come at lunchtime, for they heard that there they would eat bread. 26. And Joseph came home, and they brought him the gift that was in their hand[s], into the house, and they prostrated themselves to him to the ground. 27. He inquired after their welfare, and he said to them, “Is your elderly father, whom you mentioned, well? Is he still alive?” 28. And they said, “Your servant, our father, is well; he is still alive.” And they bowed and prostrated themselves. 29. And he lifted his eyes and saw Benjamin, his brother, the son of his mother, and he said, “Is this your little brother, whom you told me about?” And he said, “May G*d favor you, my son. ”

7th Portion

Chapter 43

30. And Joseph hastened, for his mercy was stirred toward his brother, and he wanted to weep; so he went into the room and wept there. 31. And he washed his face and came out, and he restrained himself and said, “Serve the food.” 32. And they set for him separately and for them separately, and for the Egyptians who ate with him separately, because the Egyptians could not eat food with the Hebrews, because it is an abomination to the Egyptians. 33. They sat before him, the firstborn according to his age, and the youngest according to his youth, and the men looked at each other in astonishment. 34. And he had portions brought to them from before him, and Benjamin’s portion was five times as large as the portions of any of them, and they drank and became intoxicated with him.

Chapter 44

1. Then he commanded the overseer of his house, saying, “Fill the men’s sacks with food, as much as they can carry, and put each man’s money into the mouth of his sack. 2. And my goblet, the silver goblet, put into the mouth of the sack of the youngest, and his purchase money.” And he did according to Joseph’s word, which he had spoken. 3. The morning became light, and the men were sent [on their way] they and their donkeys. 4. They had exited the city, but had not gone far when Joseph said to the overseer of his house, “Get up, pursue the men, and when you overtake them, say to them, ‘Why have you repaid good with evil? 5. Is not this the one my master drinks from? Why, he even divines with it! You have done evil by the way you have acted.’ ” 6. He overtook them, and he said these words to them. 7. And they said to him, “Why should my master say such words as these? Far be it from your servants to do a thing like this! 8. Behold, the money we found in the mouth of our sacks we returned to you from the land of Canaan; so how could we steal from your master’s house silver or gold? 9. Whichever one of your servants with whom it is found shall die, and also we will be slaves to my master.” 10. And he said, “Now indeed, so it is as you have spoken. [But] the one with whom it is found shall be my slave, and you shall be cleared.” 11. So they hastened, and each one lowered his sack to the ground, and each one opened his sack. 12. He searched; he started with the eldest and finished with the youngest, and the goblet was found in Benjamin’s sack. 13. So they rent their garments, and each one loaded his donkey, and they returned to the city. 14. And Judah and his brothers came to Joseph’s house, and he was still there, and they fell before him upon the ground. 15. And Joseph said to them, “What is this deed that you have committed? Don’t you know that a person like me practices divination?” 16. And Judah said, “What shall we say to my master? What shall we speak, and how shall we exonerate ourselves? G*d has found your servants’ iniquity both we and the one in whose possession the goblet has been found.” 17. But he said, “Far be it from me to do this! The man in whose possession the goblet was found he shall be my slave, but as for you go up in peace to your father.”

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Haftorah In a Nutshell for Mikeitz

I Kings 3:15-4:1

This week’s haftorah opens with the words “And Solomon awoke, and behold it was a dream,” echoing this week’s Torah portion which opens with Pharaoh’s dreams.

Though not included in the haftorah, in this dream G*d granted King Solomon his legendary wisdom. The haftorah relates a famous episode that made all of Israel aware of their new monarch’s keen intellect.

Two harlots approach King Solomon to adjudicate their dispute. They lived together in the same house, and each had given birth to an infant three days apart. One night, one of the infants was accidentally crushed to death by her mother, and one woman accused the other of switching infants in order to have a live baby. Each woman claimed that the live child is theirs and the deceased child was the other’s. King Solomon asks that a sword be brought and orders that the child be cut in half with each woman receiving one half. At this point, the mother of the living child exhorts the king to give the child to the other woman so that he may live, while the other woman says, “Let it be neither mine nor yours, divide!” The king ruled: “Give her the living child, and by no means slay him: she is his mother!”

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Haftorah Reading for Mikeitz

I Kings 3:15-4:1

Chapter 3

15. And Solomon awoke, and behold (it was) a dream. And he came to Jerusalem, and stood before the ark of the covenant of the L*rd, and offered up burnt offerings, and offered peace offerings, and made a feast for all his servants. 16. Then came two women, harlots, to the king, and stood before him. 17. And the one woman said, “Oh, my lord, I and this woman dwell in one house; and I gave birth to a child with her in the house. 18. And it came to pass the third day after I had given birth, that this woman gave birth also; and we (were) together, (there was) no stranger with us in the house, besides us two in the house. 19. And this woman’s son died at night; because she had lain on him. 20. And she arose in the middle of the night and took my son from beside me, while your handmaid slept, and laid him in her bosom, and laid her dead son in my bosom. 21. And I rose in the morning to nurse my son, and behold he was dead, but I looked closely at him in the morning, and behold, it was not my son whom I had borne.” 22. And the other woman said, “Not so, the living (is) my son, and the dead (is) your son,” and this one said, “Not so, the dead (is) your son, and the living (is) my son.” Thus they spoke before the king. 23. And the king said, “This one says, ‘This (is) my son that lives, and your son (is) the dead, and the other says, ‘Not so, your son (is) the dead, and my son (is) the living.’ ” 24. And the king said, “Fetch me a sword.” And they brought a sword before the king. 25. And the king said, “Divide the living child in two, and give half to the one, and half to the other. 26. And the woman whose son (was) the live one, said to the king, for her compassion was aroused for her son, and she said, “O my lord, give her the living child, and by no means slay him.” But the other said, “Let it be neither mine nor yours, divide (it).” 27. And the king answered and said, “Give her the living child, and by no means slay him: she (is) his mother.” 28. And all Israel heard of the judgment which the king had judged; and they feared the king; for they saw that the wisdom of G*d (was) in him to do judgment.

Chapter 4

1. And King Solomon was king over all Israel.