Tag Archives: פָּרָשָׁה

4) Parsha Vayeira וַיֵּרָא

Parshah and Haftorah for Vayeira (וַיֵּרָא ), Hebrew “Vayeira” =”and He appeared,” the first word in the parshah Vayeira, Genesis 18:1-22:24, to be read on Chesvan 12-18, 5779 a.k.a., Oct 21-27, 2018.

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Parshah In a Nutshell for Vayeira

Genesis 18:1-22:24

G*d reveals Himself to Abraham three days after the first Jew’s circumcision at age ninety-nine; but Abraham rushes off to prepare a meal for three guests who appear in the desert heat. One of the three—who are angels disguised as men—announces that, in exactly one year, the barren Sarah will give birth to a son. Sarah laughs.

Abraham pleads with G*d to spare the wicked city of Sodom. Two of the three disguised angels arrive in the doomed city, where Abraham’s nephew, Lot, extends his hospitality to them and protects them from the evil intentions of a Sodomite mob. The two guests reveal that they have come to overturn the place, and to save Lot and his family. Lot’s wife turns into a pillar of salt when she disobeys the command not to look back at the burning city as they flee.

While taking shelter in a cave, Lot’s two daughters (believing that they and their father are the only ones left alive in the world) get their father drunk, lie with him, and become pregnant. The two sons born from this incident father the nations of Moab and Ammon.

Abraham moves to Gerar, where the Philistine king Abimelech takes Sarah—who is presented as Abraham’s sister—to his palace. In a dream, G*d warns Avimelech that he will die unless he returns the woman to her husband. Abraham explains that he feared he would be killed over the beautiful Sarah.

G-d remembers His promise to Sarah, and gives her and Abraham a son, who is named Isaac (Yitzchak, meaning “will laugh”). Isaac is circumcised at the age of eight days; Abraham is one hundred years old, and Sarah ninety, at their child’s birth.

Hagar and Ishmael are banished from Abraham’s home and wander in the desert; G*d hears the cry of the dying lad, and saves his life by showing his mother a well. Abimelech makes a treaty with Abraham at Beersheba, where Abraham gives him seven sheep as a sign of their truce.

G*d tests Abraham’s devotion by commanding him to sacrifice Isaac on Mount Moriah (the Temple Mount) in Jerusalem. Isaac is bound and placed on the altar, and Abraham raises the knife to slaughter his son. A voice from heaven calls to stop him; a ram, caught in the undergrowth by its horns, is offered in Isaac’s place. Abraham receives the news of the birth of a daughter, Rebecca, to his nephew Bethuel.

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Parshah reading for Vayeira

Genesis 18:1-22:24

1st Portion

Chapter 18

1. Now the L*rd appeared to him in the plains of Mamre and he was sitting at the entrance of the tent when the day was hot 2. And he lifted his eyes and saw, and behold, three men were standing beside him, and he saw and he ran toward them from the entrance of the tent, and he prostrated himself to the ground. 3. And he said, “My lords, if only I have found favor in your eyes, please do not pass on from beside your servant. 4. Please let a little water be taken and bathe your feet and recline under the tree. 5. And I will take a morsel of bread, and sustain your hearts; after[wards]you shall pass on, because you have passed by your servant.” And they said, “So shall you do, as you have spoken.” 6. And Abraham hastened to the tent to Sarah, and he said, “Hasten three seah of meal [and] fine flour; knead and make cakes.” 7. And to the cattle did Abraham run, and he took a calf, tender and good, and he gave it to the youth, and he hastened to prepare it. 8. And he took cream and milk and the calf that he had prepared, and he placed [them] before them, and he was standing over them under the tree, and they ate. 9. And they said to him, “Where is Sarah your wife?” And he said, “Behold in the tent.” 10. And he said, “I will surely return to you at this time next year, and behold, your wife Sarah will have a son.” And Sarah heard from the entrance of the tent, and it was behind him. 11. Now Abraham and Sarah were old, coming on in years; Sarah had ceased to have the way of the women. 12. And Sarah laughed within herself, saying, “After I have become worn out, will I have smooth flesh? And also, my master is old.” 13. And the L*rd said to Abraham, “Why did Sarah laugh, saying, ‘Is it really true that I will give birth, although I am old?’ 14. Is anything hidden from the L*rd? At the appointed time, I will return to you, at this time next year and Sarah will have a son.”

2nd Portion

Chapter 18

15. And Sarah denied, saying, “I did not laugh,” because she was afraid. And He said, “No, but you laughed.” 16. And the men arose from there, and they looked upon Sodom, and Abraham went with them to escort them, 17. And the L*rd said, “Shall I conceal from Abraham what I am doing? 18. And Abraham will become a great and powerful nation, and all the nations of the world will be blessed in him. 19. For I have known him because he commands his sons and his household after him, that they should keep the way of the L*rd to perform righteousness and justice, in order that the L*rd bring upon Abraham that which He spoke concerning him.” 20. And the L*rd said, “Since the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah has become great, and since their sin has become very grave, 21. I will descend now and see, whether according to her cry, which has come to Me, they have done; [I will wreak] destruction [upon them]; and if not, I will know.” 22. And the men turned from there and went to Sodom, and Abraham was still standing before the L*rd. 23. And Abraham approached and said, “Will You even destroy the righteous with the wicked? 24. Perhaps there are fifty righteous men in the midst of the city; will You even destroy and not forgive the place for the sake of the fifty righteous men who are in its midst? 25. Far be it from You to do a thing such as this, to put to death the righteous with the wicked so that the righteous should be like the wicked. Far be it from You! Will the Judge of the entire earth not perform justice?” 26. And the L*rd said, “If I find in Sodom fifty righteous men within the city, I will forgive the entire place for their sake.” 27. And Abraham answered and said, “Behold now I have commenced to speak to the L*rd, although I am dust and ashes. 28. Perhaps the fifty righteous men will be missing five. Will You destroy the entire city because of five?” And He said, “I will not destroy if I find there forty-five.” 29. And he continued further to speak to Him, and he said, “Perhaps forty will be found there.” And He said, “I will not do it for the sake of the forty.” 30. And he said, “Please, let the L*rd’s wrath not be kindled, and I will speak. Perhaps thirty will be found there.” And He said, “I will not do it if I find thirty there.” 31. And he said, “Behold now I have desired to speak to the L*rd, perhaps twenty will be found there.” And He said, “I will not destroy for the sake of the twenty.” 32. And he said, “Please, let the L*rd’s wrath not be kindled, and I will speak yet this time, perhaps ten will be found there.” And He said, “I will not destroy for the sake of the ten.” 33. And the L*rd departed when He finished speaking to Abraham, and Abraham returned to his place.

3rd Portion

Chapter 19

1. And the two angels came to Sodom in the evening, and Lot was sitting in the gate of Sodom, and Lot saw and arose toward them, and he prostrated himself on his face to the ground. 2. And he said, “Behold now my lords, please turn to your servant’s house and stay overnight and wash your feet, and you shall arise early and go on your way.” And they said, “No, but we will stay overnight in the street.” 3. And he urged them strongly, and they turned in to him, and came into his house, and he made them a feast, and he baked unleavened cakes, and they ate. 4. When they had not yet retired, and the people of the city, the people of Sodom, surrounded the house, both young and old, the entire populace from every end[of the city]. 5. And they called to Lot and said to him, “Where are the men who came to you tonight? Bring them out to us, and let us be intimate with them.” 6. And Lot came out to them to the entrance, and he shut the door behind him. 7. And he said, “My brethren, please do not do evil. 8. Behold now I have two daughters who were not intimate with a man. I will bring them out to you, and do to them as you see fit; only to these men do nothing, because they have come under the shadow of my roof.” 9. But they said, “Back away.” And they said, “This one came to sojourn, and he is judging! Now, we will deal even worse with you than with them.” And they pressed hard upon the man Lot, and they drew near to break the door. 10. And the men stretched forth their hands, and they brought Lot to them to the house, and they shut the door. 11. And the men who were at the entrance of the house they struck with blindness, both small and great, and they toiled in vain to find the entrance. 12. And the men said to Lot, “Whom else do you have here? A son-in-law, your sons, and your daughters, and whomever you have in the city, take out of the place. 13. For we are destroying this place, because their cry has become great before the L*rd, and the L*rd has sent us to destroy it.” 14. So Lot went forth and spoke to his sons-in-law, the suitors of his daughters, and he said, “Arise, go forth from this place, for the L*rd is destroying the city,” but he seemed like a comedian in the eyes of his sons-in-law. 15. And as the dawn rose, the angels pressed Lot, saying, “Get up, take your wife and your two daughters who are here, lest you perish because of the iniquity of the city.” 16. But he tarried, and the men took hold of his hand and his wife’s hand, and the hand of his two daughters, out of the L*rd’s pity for him, and they took him out and placed him outside the city. 17. And it came to pass, when they took them outside, that he said, “Flee for your life, do not look behind you, and do not stand in the entire plain. Flee to the mountain, lest you perish.” 18. And Lot said to them, “Please, do not, O L*rd. 19. Behold now, Your servant has found favor in Your eyes, and You have increased Your kindness, which You have done with me, to sustain my soul. But I cannot flee to the mountain, lest the evil overtake me, and I die. 20. Behold now, this city is near to flee there, and it is small. Let me please flee there. Is it not small? And my soul will survive.”

4th Portion

Chapter 19

21. And he said to him, “Behold I have favored you also as regards this matter, that I will not overturn the city that you have mentioned.22. Hasten, flee there, for I will not be able to do anything until you arrive there.” Therefore, he named the city Zoar. 23. The sun came out upon the earth, and Lot came to Zoar. 24. And the L*rd caused to rain down upon Sodom and Gomorrah brimstone and fire, from the L*rd, from heaven. 25. And He turned over these cities and the entire plain, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and the vegetation of the ground. 26. And his wife looked from behind him, and she became a pillar of salt. 27. And Abraham arose early in the morning to the place where he had stood before the L*rd. 28. And he looked over the face of Sodom and Gomorrah and over the entire face of the land of the plain, and he saw, and behold, the smoke of the earth had risen like the smoke of a furnace. 29. And it came to pass, when G*d destroyed the cities of the plain, that G*d remembered Abraham, and He sent Lot out of the midst of the destruction when He overturned the cities in which Lot had dwelt. 30. And Lot went up from Zoar, and he dwelt in the mountain, and his two daughters were with him, for he was afraid to dwell in Zoar; so he dwelt in a cave, he and his two daughters. 31. And the elder said to the younger, “Our father is old, and there is no man on earth to come upon us, as is the custom of all the earth. 32. Come, let us give our father wine to drink, and let us lie with him, and let us bring to life seed from our father.” 33. And they gave their father wine to drink on that night, and the elder came and lay with her father, and he did not know of her lying down or of her rising up. 34. And it came to pass on the morrow, that the elder said to the younger, “Behold, last night I lay with my father. Let us give him wine to drink tonight too, and come, lie with him, and let us bring to life seed from our father.” 35. So they gave their father to drink on that night also, and the younger arose and lay with him, and he did not know of her lying down or of her rising up. 36. And Lot’s two daughters conceived from their father. 37. And the elder bore a son, and she named him Moab; he is the father of Moab until this day. 38. And the younger, she too bore a son, and she named him Ben-ami; he is the father of the children of Ammon until this day.

Chapter 20

1. And Abraham traveled from there to the land of the south, and he dwelt between Kadesh and between Shur, and he sojourned in Gerar. 2. And Abraham said about Sarah his wife, “She is my sister,” and Abimelech the king of Gerar sent and took Sarah. 3. And G*d came to Abimelech in a dream of the night, and He said to him, “Behold you are going to die because of the woman whom you have taken, for she is a married woman.” 4. And Abimelech had not come near to her, and he said, “O L*rd, will You kill even a righteous nation? 5. Did he not say to me, ‘She is my sister’? And she, even she said, ‘He is my brother.’ With the innocence of my heart and with the purity of my hands have I done this.” 6. And G*d said to him in a dream, “I too know that you did this with the innocence of your heart, and I too have withheld you from sinning to Me; therefore, I did not let you touch her. 7. And now, return the man’s wife, because he is a prophet, and he will pray for you and [you will] live; but if you do not return [her], know that you will surely die, you and all that is yours.” 8. And Abimelech arose early in the morning, and he summoned all his servants, and he spoke all these words in their ears; and the men were very frightened. 9. And Abimelech summoned Abraham and said to him, “What have you done to us, and what have I sinned against you, that you have brought upon me and upon my kingdom a great sin? Deeds that are not done, you have done to me.” 10. And Abimelech said to Abraham, “What did you see, that you did this thing?” 11. And Abraham said, “For I said, ‘Surely, there is no fear of G*d in this place, and they will kill me because of my wife. 12. And also, indeed, she is my sister, the daughter of my father, but not the daughter of my mother, and she became my wife. 13. And it came to pass, when G*d caused me to wander from my father’s house, that I said to her: This is your kindness, which you shall do with me: whither we come, say about me, ‘He is my brother.'” 14. And Abimelech took flocks and cattle and menservants and maidservants, and he gave [them] to Abraham, and he restored to him his wife Sarah. 15. And Abimelech said, “Here is my land before you; wherever it pleases you, you may dwell.” 16. And to Sarah he said, “Behold I have given a thousand pieces of silver to your brother; behold it is to you a covering of the eyes for all who are with you, and with all you shall contend.” 17. And Abraham prayed to G*d, and G*d healed Abimelech and his wife and his handmaids, and they gave birth. 18. For the L*rd had shut every womb of Abimelech’s household, because of Sarah, Abraham’s wife.

Chapter 21

1. And the L*rd remembered Sarah as He had said, and the L*rd did to Sarah as He had spoken. 2. And Sarah conceived and bore a son to Abraham in his old age, at the time of which G*d had spoken to him. 3. And Abraham named his son who had been born to him, whom Sarah had borne to him, Isaac. 4. And Abraham circumcised his son Isaac when he was eight days old, as G*d had commanded him.

5th Portion

Chapter 21

5. And Abraham was a hundred years old, when his son Isaac was born to him. 6. And Sarah said, “G*d has made joy for me; whoever hears will rejoice over me.” 7. And she said, “Who would have said to Abraham that Sarah would nurse children, for I have borne a son to his old age!” 8. And the child grew and was weaned, and Abraham made a great feast on the day that Isaac was weaned. 9. And Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, whom she had borne to Abraham, making merry. 10. And Sarah said to Abraham, “Drive out this handmaid and her son, for the son of this handmaid shall not inherit with my son, with Isaac.” 11. But the matter greatly displeased Abraham, concerning his son. 12. And G*d said to Abraham, “Be not displeased concerning the lad and concerning your handmaid; whatever Sarah tells you, hearken to her voice, for in Isaac will be called your seed. 13. But also the son of the handmaid I will make into a nation, because he is your seed.” 14. And Abraham arose early in the morning, and he took bread and a leather pouch of water, and he gave [them] to Hagar, he placed [them] on her shoulder, and the child, and he sent her away; and she went and wandered in the desert of Beer sheba. 15. And the water was depleted from the leather pouch, and she cast the child under one of the bushes. 16. And she went and sat down from afar, at about the distance of two bowshots, for she said, “Let me not see the child’s death.” And she sat from afar, and she raised her voice and wept. 17. And G*d heard the lad’s voice, and an angel of G*d called to Hagar from heaven, and said to her, “What is troubling you, Hagar? Fear not, for G*d has heard the lad’s voice in the place where he is. 18. Rise, pick up the lad and grasp your hand upon him, for I shall make him into a great nation.” 19. And G*d opened her eyes, and she saw a well of water, and she went and filled the pouch with water and gave the lad to drink. 20. And G*d was with the lad, and he grew, and he dwelt in the desert, and he became an archer. 21. And he dwelt in the desert of Paran, and his mother took for him a wife from the land of Egypt.

6th Portion

Chapter 21

22. Now it came to pass at that time, that Abimelech and Phicol his general said to Abraham, saying, “G*d is with you in all that you do. 23. And now, swear to me here by G*d, that you will not lie to me or to my son or to my grandson; according to the kindness that I have done with you, you shall do with me, and with the land wherein you have sojourned.” 24. And Abraham said, “I will swear.” 25. And Abraham contended with Abimelech about the well of water that the servants of Abimelech had forcibly seized. 26. And Abimelech said, “I do not know who did this thing, neither did you tell me, nor did I hear [of it] until today. ” 27. And Abraham took flocks and cattle, and gave them to Abimelech, and they both formed a covenant. 28. And Abraham placed seven ewe lambs by themselves. 29. And Abimelech said to Abraham, “What are these seven ewe lambs, which you have placed by themselves?” 30. And he said, “For these seven ewe lambs you shall take from my hand, in order that it be to me for a witness that I dug this well.” 31. Therefore, he named that place Beer sheba, for there they both swore. 32. And they formed a covenant in Beer-sheba, and Abimelech and Phicol his general arose, and they returned to the land of the Philistines. 33. And he planted an eishel in Beer-Sheba, and he called there in the name of the L*rd, the G*d of the world. 34. And Abraham dwelt in the land of the Philistines for many days.

7th Portion

Chapter 22

1. And it came to pass after these things, that G*d tested Abraham, and He said to him, “Abraham,” and he said, “Here I am.” 2. And He said, “Please take your son, your only one, whom you love, yea, Isaac, and go away to the land of Moriah and bring him up there for a burnt offering on one of the mountains, of which I will tell you.” 3. And Abraham arose early in the morning, and he saddled his donkey, and he took his two young men with him and Isaac his son; and he split wood for a burnt offering, and he arose and went to the place of which G*d had told him. 4. On the third day, Abraham lifted up his eyes and saw the place from afar. 5. And Abraham said to his young men, “Stay here with the donkey, and I and the lad will go yonder, and we will prostrate ourselves and return to you.” 6. And Abraham took the wood for the burnt offering, and he placed [it] upon his son Isaac, and he took into his hand the fire and the knife, and they both went together. 7. And Isaac spoke to Abraham his father, and he said, “My father!” And he said, “Here I am, my son.” And he said, “Here are the fire and the wood, but where is the lamb for the burnt offering?” 8. And Abraham said, “G*d will provide for Himself the lamb for the burnt offering, my son.” And they both went together. 9. And they came to the place of which G*d had spoken to him, and Abraham built the altar there and arranged the wood, and he bound Isaac his son and placed him on the altar upon the wood. 10. And Abraham stretched forth his hand and took the knife, to slaughter his son. 11. And an angel of G*d called to him from heaven and said, “Abraham! Abraham!” And he said, “Here I am.” 12. And he said, “Do not stretch forth your hand to the lad, nor do the slightest thing to him, for now I know that you are a G*d fearing man, and you did not withhold your son, your only one, from Me.” 13. And Abraham lifted up his eyes, and he saw, and lo! there was a ram, [and] after [that] it was caught in a tree by its horns. And Abraham went and took the ram and offered it up as a burnt offering instead of his son. 14. And Abraham named that place, The L*rd will see, as it is said to this day: On the mountain, the L*rd will be seen. 15. And an angel of the L*rd called to Abraham a second time from heaven. 16. And he said, “By Myself have I sworn, says the L*rd, that because you have done this thing and you did not withhold your son, your only one, 17. That I will surely bless you, and I will greatly multiply your seed as the stars of the heavens and as the sand that is on the seashore, and your descendants will inherit the cities of their enemies. 18. And through your children shall be blessed all the nations of the world, because you hearkened to My voice.” 19. And Abraham returned to his young men, and they arose and went together to Beer sheba; and Abraham remained in Beer sheba. 20. And it came to pass after these matters, that it was told to Abraham saying: “Behold Milcah, she also bore sons to Nahor your brother. 21. Uz, his first born, and Buz his brother, and Kemuel, the father of Aram. 22. And Kesed and Hazo and Pildash and Jidlaph, and Bethuel. 23. And Bethuel begot Rebecca.” These eight did Milcah bear to Nahor, Abraham’s brother. 24. And his concubine, whose name was Reumah, had also given birth to Tebah and Gaham and Tahash and Maacah.

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Haftorah In a Nutshell for Vayeira

Kings II 4:1-37.

In this week’s Torah reading, G-d promises a child to Abraham and Sarah, despite childless Sarah’s advanced age. This week’s haftorah describes a similar incident that occurred many years later — the prophet Elisha assuring an elderly childless woman that she will bear a child.

The haftorah discusses two miracles performed by the prophet Elisha. The first miracle involved a widow who was heavily in debt, and her creditors were threatening to take her two sons as slaves to satisfy the debt. When the prophet asked her what she had in her home, the widow responded that she had nothing but a vial of oil. Elisha told her to gather as many empty containers as possible — borrowing from neighbors and friends as well. She should then pour oil from her vial into the empty containers. She did as commanded, and miraculously the oil continued to flow until the last empty jug was filled. The woman sold the oil for a handsome profit, and had enough money to repay her debts and live comfortably.

The second miracle: Elisha would often pass by the city of Shunam, where he would dine and rest at the home of a certain hospitable couple. This couple even made a special addition to their home, a guest room designated for Elisha’s use. When the prophet learned that the couple was childless, he blessed the woman that she should give birth to a child in exactly one year’s time. And indeed, one year later a son was born to the aged couple.

A few years later the son complained of a headache and died shortly thereafter. The Shunamit woman laid the lifeless body on the bed in Elisha’s designated room, and quickly summoned the prophet. Elisha hurried to the woman’s home and miraculously brought the boy back to life.

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Haftorah reading for Vayeira

Kings II 4:1:37.
Chapter 4

1. Now a woman, of the wives of the disciples of the prophets, cried out to Elisha, saying, “Your servant, my husband, has died, and you know that your servant did fear the L*rd; and the creditor has come to take my two children for himself as slaves.” 2. And Elisha said to her, “What shall I do for you? Tell me what you have in the house.” And she said, “Your maidservant has nothing at all in the house except a jug of oil.” 3. And he said, “Borrow vessels for yourself from outside, from all your neighbors; do not borrow only a few empty vessels.
4. And you shall come and close the door about yourself and about your sons, and you shall pour upon all these vessels; and the full one you shall carry away.” 5. And she went away from him and closed the door about herself and about her sons; they were bringing [vessels] to her and she was pouring. 6. And it was when the vessels were full, that she said to her son, “Bring me another vessel,” and he said to her, “There is no other vessel.” And the oil stopped. 7. And she came and told the man of G*d: and he said, “Go sell the oil and pay your debt; and you and your sons will live with the remainder.” 8. And it was that day that Elisha went as far as Shunem, and there was a prominent woman who prevailed upon him to eat a meal; and it was, whenever he would pass, he would stop there to eat a meal. 9. And she said to her husband, “Behold now I know that he is a holy man of G*d, who passes by us regularly. 10. Now let us make a small walled upper chamber, and place there for him a bed, a table, a chair, and a lamp; and it will be that when he comes to us, he will turn into there. 11. And it was one day that he went there, that he turned into the upper chamber and lay down there. 12. And he said to Gehazi his servant, “Call this Shunemitess;” and he called her, and she stood before him. 13. And he said to him, “Please say to her, ‘Behold you have busied yourself on our account with all this trouble. What is there to do for you? Can we speak on your behalf to the king or to the general of the army?’ ” And she said, “I dwell in the midst of my people.” 14. And he said, “Now what can we do for her? ” And Gehazi said, “Indeed, she has no son, and her husband is old.” 15. And he said, “Summon her,” and he summoned her, and she stood at the doorway. 16. And he said, “At this time next year, when you will be alive like now, you will be embracing a son.” And she said, “No, my lord, O man of G*d, do not fail your maidservant.” 17. And the woman conceived and bore a son, at this time a year later, which Elisha had spoken to her. 18. And the child grew up; and it was one day that he went out to his father, to the reapers. 19. And he said to his father, “My head! My head!” And he said to the servant, “Carry him to his mother.” 20. And he carried him and brought him to his mother, and he sat on her knees until noon, and he died. 21. And she went up and laid him on the bed of the man of G*d, and she closed about him and left. 22. And she called her husband and said, “Please send me one of the servants and one of the she-asses; and I will run up to the man of G*d and return.” 23. And he said, “Why are you going to him today; it is neither the New Moon nor the Sabbath.” And she said, “It’s all right.” 24. And she saddled the she-ass, and she said to her servant, “Drive and go forward. Don’t keep back from riding because of me unless I tell you.” 25. And she went and came to the man of G*d, to Mt. Carmel; and it was when the man of G*d saw her from afar, that he said to Gehazi his servant, “Here is that Shunemmitess. 26. “Now please run toward her, and say to her, ‘Are you well? Is your husband well? Is the child well?’ ” And she said, “We are well.” 27. And she came to the man of G*d to the mountain, and she took hold of his feet; and Gehazi approached to push her away. Now the man of G*d said, “Let her be, for her soul is bitter to her, and the L*rd hid it from me and did not tell me.” 28. And she said, “Did I ask for a son from my lord? Did I not say, ‘Do not mislead me?’ ” 29. And he said to Gehazi, “Gird your loins and take my staff in your hand and go. If you meet anyone, do not greet him, and if anyone greets you, do not answer him: and you shall place my staff on the lad’s face.” 30. And the lad’s mother said, “As the L*rd lives and by your life, I will not leave you.” And he rose and went after her. 31. And Gehazi went ahead of them, and he placed the staff on the lad’s face, and there was no sound nor any attention; and he returned toward him and told him saying, “The lad has not awakened.” 32. And Elisha came into the house, and behold the lad was dead, laid out on his bed. 33. And he came and closed the door about both of them; and he prayed to the L*rd. 34. And he went up and lay on the child, and placed his mouth on his mouth and his eyes on his eyes and his palms on his palms, and he prostrated himself upon him: and the child’s flesh became warm. 35. And he returned and walked in the house once here and once there, and he went up and prostrated himself upon him: and the lad sneezed up to seven times, and the lad opened his eyes. 36. And he summoned Gehazi and said, “Call this Shunemmitess.” And he called her, and she came to him, and he said, “Pick up your son.” 37. And she came and fell at his feet and bowed to the ground; and she picked up her son and departed.

3) Parshah Lech Lecha לֶךְ-לְךָ

Parshah and Haftorah for Lech Lecha (לֶךְ-לְךָ), Hebrew “Lech Lecha” =”go!” or “leave!” or “go for you,” the fifth and sixth words in the parshah Lech Lecha, Genesis 12:1-17:27, to be read on Chesvan 5-11, 5779 a.k.a., Oct 14-20, 2018.

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Parshah In a Nutshell for Lech Lecha

Genesis 12:1-17:27

G*d speaks to Abram, commanding him, “Go from your land, from your birthplace and from your father’s house, to the land which I will show you.” There, G*d says, he will be made into a great nation. Abram and his wife, Sarai, accompanied by his nephew Lot, journey to the land of Canaan, where Abram builds an altar and continues to spread the message of a one G*d.

A famine forces the first Jew to depart for Egypt, where beautiful Sarai is taken to Pharaoh’s palace; Abram escapes death because they present themselves as brother and sister. A plague prevents the Egyptian king from touching her, and convinces him to return her to Abram and to compensate the brother-revealed-as-husband with gold, silver and cattle.

Back in the land of Canaan, Lot separates from Abram and settles in the evil city of Sodom, where he falls captive when the mighty armies of Chedorlaomer and his three allies conquer the five cities of the Sodom Valley. Abram sets out with a small band to rescue his nephew, defeats the four kings, and is blessed by Malki-Zedek the king of Salem (Jerusalem).

G*d seals the Covenant Between the Parts with Abram, in which the exile and persecution (galut) of the people of Israel is foretold, and the Holy Land is bequeathed to them as their eternal heritage.

Still childless ten years after their arrival in the Land, Sarai tells Abram to marry her maidservant Hagar. Hagar conceives, becomes insolent toward her mistress, and then flees when Sarai treats her harshly; an angel convinces her to return, and tells her that her son will father a populous nation. Ishmael is born in Abram’s eighty-sixth year.

Thirteen years later, G*d changes Abram’s name to Abraham (“father of multitudes”), and Sarai’s to Sarah (“princess”), and promises that a son will be born to them; from this child, whom they should call Isaac (“will laugh”), will stem the great nation with which G*d will establish His special bond. Abraham is commanded to circumcise himself and his descendants as a “sign of the covenant between Me and you.” Abraham immediately complies, circumcising himself and all the males of his household.


Parshah reading for Lech Lecha

Genesis 12:1-17:27

1st Portion

Chapter 12

1. And the L*rd said to Abram, “Go forth from your land and from your birthplace and from your father’s house, to the land that I will show you. 2. And I will make you into a great nation, and I will bless you, and I will aggrandize your name, and [you shall] be a blessing. 3. And I will bless those who bless you, and the one who curses you I will curse, and all the families of the earth shall be blessed in you.” 4. And Abram went, as the L*rd had spoken to him, and Lot went with him, and Abram was seventy five years old when he left Haran. 5. And Abram took Sarai his wife and Lot his brother’s son, and all their possessions that they had acquired, and the souls they had acquired in Haran, and they went to go to the land of Canaan, and they came to the land of Canaan. 6. And Abram passed through the land, until the place of Shechem, until the plain of Moreh, and the Canaanites were then in the land. 7. And the L*rd appeared to Abram, and He said, “To your seed I will give this land,” and there he built an altar to the L*rd, Who had appeared to him. 8. And he moved from there to the mountain, east of Beth el, and he pitched his tent; Beth el was to the west and Ai was to the east, and there he built an altar to the L*rd, and he called in the name of the L*rd. 9. And Abram traveled, continually traveling southward. 10. And there was a famine in the land, and Abram descended to Egypt to sojourn there because the famine was severe in the land. 11. Now it came to pass when he drew near to come to Egypt, that he said to Sarai his wife, “Behold now I know that you are a woman of fair appearance. 12. And it will come to pass when the Egyptians see you, that they will say, ‘This is his wife,’ and they will slay me and let you live. 13. Please say [that] you are my sister, in order that it go well with me because of you, and that my soul may live because of you.”

2nd Portion

Chapter 12

14. And it came to pass when Abram came to Egypt, that the Egyptians saw the woman, that she was very pretty. 15. And Pharaoh’s princes saw her, and they praised her to Pharaoh, and the woman was taken to the house of Pharaoh. 16. And he benefited Abram for her sake, and he had flocks and cattle and he donkeys and men servants and maid servants, and she donkeys and camels. 17. And the L*rd plagued Pharaoh [with] great plagues as well as his household, on account of Sarai, Abram’s wife. 18. And Pharaoh summoned Abram, and he said, “What is this that you have done to me? Why did you not tell me that she was your wife? 19. Why did you say, ‘She is my sister,’ so that I took her to myself for a wife? And now, here is your wife; take [her] and go.” 20. And Pharaoh commanded men on his behalf, and they escorted him and his wife and all that was his.

Chapter 13

1. And Abram came up from Egypt, he and his wife and all that was his, and Lot with him, to the south. 2. And Abram was very heavy with cattle, with silver, and with gold. 3. And he went on his journeys, from the south and until Beth el, until the place where his tent had been previously, between Beth el and between Ai. 4. To the place of the altar that he had made at first, and Abram called there in the name of the L*rd.

3rd Portion

Chapter 13

5. And also Lot, who went with Abram, had flocks and cattle and tents. 6. And the land did not bear them to dwell together, for their possessions were many, and they could not dwell together. 7. And there was a quarrel between the herdsmen of Abram’s cattle and between the herdsmen of Lot’s cattle, and the Canaanites and the Perizzites were then dwelling in the land. 8. And Abram said to Lot, “Please let there be no quarrel between me and between you and between my herdsmen and between your herdsmen, for we are kinsmen. 9. Is not all the land before you? Please part from me; if [you go] left, I will go right, and if [you go] right, I will go left.” 10. And Lot raised his eyes, and he saw the entire plain of the Jordan, that it was entirely watered; before the L*rd destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah, like the garden of the L*rd, like the land of Egypt, as you come to Zoar. 11. And Lot chose for himself the entire plain of the Jordan, and Lot traveled from the east, and they parted from one another. 12. Abram dwelt in the land of Canaan, and Lot dwelt in the cities of the plain, and he pitched his tents until Sodom. 13. And the people of Sodom were very evil and sinful against the L*rd. 14. And the L*rd said to Abram after Lot had parted from him, “Please raise your eyes and see, from the place where you are, northward and southward and eastward and westward. 15. For all the land that you see I will give to you and to your seed to eternity. 16. And I will make your seed like the dust of the earth, so that if a man will be able to count the dust of the earth, so will your seed be counted. 17. Rise, walk in the land, to its length and to its breadth, for I will give it to you.” 18. And Abram pitched his tents, and he came, and he dwelt in the plain of Mamre, which is in Hebron, and there he built an altar to the L*rd.

4th Portion

Chapter 14

1. Now it came to pass in the days of Amraphel the king of Shinar, Arioch the king of Ellasar, Chedorloemer the king of Elam, and Tidal the king of Goyim. 2. That they waged war with Bera the king of Sodom and with Birsha the king of Gomorrah, Shineab the king of Admah, and Shemeber the king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela, which is Zoar. 3. All these joined in the valley of Siddim, which is the Dead Sea. 4. For twelve years they served Chedorloemer, and for thirteen years they rebelled. 5. And in the fourteenth year, Chedorloemer came, and the kings who were with him, and they smote the Rephaim in Ashteroth karnaim and the Zuzim in Ham, and the Emim in Shaveh kiriathaim. 6. And the Horites in their mountain Seir, until the plain of Paran, which is alongside the desert. 7. And they returned and came to Ein Mishpat, which is Kadesh, and they smote the entire field of the Amalekites, and also the Amorites who dwelt in Hazezon Tamar. 8. And the king of Sodom and the king of Gomorrah and the king of Admah and the king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela, which is Zoar, came forth, and they engaged them in battle in the valley of Siddim. 9. With Chedorloemer the king of Elam and Tidal the king of Goyim and Amraphel the king of Shinar and Arioch the king of Ellasar, four kings against the five. 10. Now the valley of Siddim was [composed of] many clay pits, and the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled and they fell there, and the survivors fled to a mountain. 11. And they took all the possessions of Sodom and Gomorrah and all their food, and they departed. 12. And they took Lot and his possessions, the son of Abram’s brother, and they departed, and he was living in Sodom. 13. And the fugitive came and he told Abram the Hebrew, and he was living in the plain of Mamre the Amorite, the brother of Eshkol and the brother of Aner, who were Abram’s confederates. 14. And Abram heard that his kinsman had been taken captive, and he armed his trained men, those born in his house, three hundred and eighteen, and he pursued [them] until Dan. 15. And he divided himself against them at night, he and his servants, and smote them, and pursued them until Hobah, which is to the left of Damascus. 16. And he restored all the possessions, and also Lot his brother and his possessions he restored, and also the women and the people. 17. And the king of Sodom came out toward him, after his return from smiting Chedorlaomer and the kings who were with him, to the valley of Shaveh, which is the valley of the king. 18. And Malchizedek the king of Salem brought out bread and wine, and he was a priest to the Most High G*d. 19. And he blessed him, and he said, “Blessed be Abram to the Most High G*d, Who possesses heaven and earth. 20. And blessed be the Most High G*d, Who has delivered your adversaries into your hand,” and he gave him a tithe from all.

5th Portion

Chapter 14

21. And the king of Sodom said to Abram, “Give me the souls, and the possessions take for yourself.” 22. And Abram said to the king of Sodom, “I raise my hand to the L*rd, the Most High G*d, Who possesses heaven and earth. 23. Neither from a thread to a shoe strap, nor will I take from whatever is yours, that you should not say, ‘I have made Abram wealthy.’ 24. Exclusive of what the lads ate, and the share of the men who went with me; Aner, Eshkol, and Mamre they shall take their share.”

Chapter 15
1. After these incidents, the word of the L*rd came to Abram in a vision, saying, “Fear not, Abram; I am your Shield; your reward is exceedingly great.” 2. And Abram said, “O L*rd G*d, what will You give me, since I am going childless, and the steward of my household is Eliezer of Damascus?” 3. And Abram said, “Behold, You have given me no seed, and behold, one of my household will inherit me.” 4. And behold, the word of the L*rd came to him, saying, “This one will not inherit you, but the one who will spring from your innards-he will inherit you.” 5. And He took him outside, and He said, “Please look heavenward and count the stars, if you are able to count them.” And He said to him, “So will be your seed.” 6. And he believed in the L*rd, and He accounted it to him as righteousness.

6th Portion

Chapter 15

7. And He said to him, “I am the L*rd, Who brought you forth from Ur of the Chaldees, to give you this land to inherit it.” 8. And he said, “O L*rd G*d, how will I know that I will inherit it?” 9. And He said to him, “Take for Me three heifers and three goats and three rams, and a turtle dove and a young bird.” 10. And he took for Him all these, and he divided them in the middle, and he placed each part opposite its mate, but he did not divide the birds. 11. And the birds of prey descended upon the carcasses, and Abram drove them away. 12. Now the sun was ready to set, and a deep sleep fell upon Abram, and behold, a fright, a great darkness was falling upon him. 13. And He said to Abram, “You shall surely know that your seed will be strangers in a land that is not theirs, and they will enslave them and oppress them, for four hundred years. 14. And also the nation that they will serve will I judge, and afterwards they will go forth with great possessions. 15. But you will come to your forefathers in peace; you will be buried in a good old age. 16. And the fourth generation will return here, for the iniquity of the Amorites will not be complete until then.” 17. Now it came to pass that the sun had set, and it was dark, and behold, a smoking furnace and a fire brand, which passed between these parts. 18. On that day, the L*rd formed a covenant with Abram, saying, “To your seed I have given this land, from the river of Egypt until the great river, the Euphrates river. 19. The Kenites, the Kenizzites, and the Kadmonites, 20. And the Hittites and the Perizzites and the Rephaim, 21. And the Amorites and the Canaanites and the Girgashites and the Jebusites.”

Chapter 16

1. Now Sarai, Abram’s wife, had not borne to him, and she had an Egyptian handmaid named Hagar. 2. And Sarai said to Abram, “Behold now, the L*rd has restrained me from bearing; please come to my handmaid; perhaps I will be built up from her.” And Abram hearkened to Sarai’s voice. 3. So Sarai, Abram’s wife, took Hagar the Egyptian, her handmaid, at the end of ten years of Abram’s dwelling in the land of Canaan, and she gave her to Abram her husband for a wife. 4. And he came to Hagar, and she conceived, and she saw that she was pregnant, and her mistress became unimportant in her eyes. 5. And Sarai said to Abram, “May my injustice be upon you! I gave my handmaid into your bosom, and she saw that she had become pregnant, and I became unimportant in her eyes. May the L*rd judge between me and you!” 6. And Abram said to Sarai, “Here is your handmaid in your hand; do to her that which is proper in your eyes.” And Sarai afflicted her, and she fled from before her. 7. And an angel of the L*rd found her by a water fountain in the desert, by the fountain on the road to Shur. 8. And he said, “Hagar, Sarai’s servant, where are you coming from, and where are you going to?” And she said, “From before Sarai my mistress, I am fleeing.” 9. And the angel of the L*rd said to her, “Return to your mistress, and allow yourself to be afflicted under her hands.” 10. And the angel of the L*rd said to her, “I will greatly multiply your seed, and it will not be counted for abundance.” 11. And the angel of the L*rd said to her, “Behold, you will conceive and bear a son, and you shall name him Ishmael, for the L*rd has heard your affliction. 12. And he will be a wild donkey of a man; his hand will be upon all, and everyone’s hand upon him, and before all his brothers he will dwell.” 13. And she called the name of the L*rd, Who had spoken to her, “You are the G*d of seeing,” because she said, “Have I seen[him]here also after I have seen?” 14. Therefore the well was called Be’er Lachai Ro’i; behold it is between Kadesh and between Bered. 15. And Hagar bore a son to Abram, and Abram named his son, whom Hagar had borne, Ishmael. 16. And Abram was eighty- six years old, when Hagar bore Ishmael to Abram.

Chapter 17

1. And Abram was ninety-nine years old, and G*d appeared to Abram, and He said to him, “I am the Almighty G*d; walk before Me and be perfect. 2. And I will place My covenant between Me and between you, and I will multiply you very greatly.” 3. And Abram fell upon his face, and G*d spoke with him, saying, 4. “As for Me, behold My covenant is with you, and you shall become the father of a multitude of nations. 5. And your name shall no longer be called Abram, but your name shall be Abraham, for I have made you the father of a multitude of nations. 6. And I will make you exceedingly fruitful, and I will make you into nations, and kings will emerge from you.

7th Portion

Chapter 17

7. And I will establish My covenant between Me and between you and between your seed after you throughout their generations as an everlasting covenant, to be to you for a G*d and to your seed after you. 8. And I will give you and your seed after you the land of your sojournings, the entire land of Canaan for an everlasting possession, and I will be to them for a G*d.” 9. And G*d said to Abraham, “And you shall keep My covenant, you and your seed after you throughout their generations. 10. This is My covenant, which you shall observe between Me and between you and between your seed after you, that every male among you be circumcised. 11. And you shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskin, and it shall be as the sign of a covenant between Me and between you. 12. And at the age of eight days, every male shall be circumcised to you throughout your generations, one that is born in the house, or one that is purchased with money, from any foreigner, who is not of your seed. 13. Those born in the house and those purchased for money shall be circumcised, and My covenant shall be in your flesh as an everlasting covenant. 14. And an uncircumcised male, who will not circumcise the flesh of his foreskin-that soul will be cut off from its people; he has broken My covenant.” 15. And G*d said to Abraham, “Your wife Sarai-you shall not call her name Sarai, for Sarah is her name. 16. And I will bless her, and I will give you a son from her, and I will bless her, and she will become [a mother of] nations; kings of nations will be from her. ” 17. And Abraham fell on his face and rejoiced, and he said to himself, “Will [a child] be born to one who is a hundred years old, and will Sarah, who is ninety years old, give birth?” 18. And Abraham said to G*d, “If only Ishmael will live before You!” 19. And G*d said, “Indeed, your wife Sarah will bear you a son, and you shall name him Isaac, and I will establish My covenant with him as an everlasting covenant for his seed after him. 20. And regarding Ishmael, I have heard you; behold I have blessed him, and I will make him fruitful, and I will multiply him exceedingly; he will beget twelve princes, and I will make him into a great nation. 21. But My covenant I will establish with Isaac, whom Sarah will bear to you at this time next year.” 22. And He finished speaking with him, and G*d went up from above Abraham. 23. And Abraham took Ishmael his son and all those born in his house and all those purchased with his money, every male of the people of Abraham’s household, and he circumcised the flesh of their foreskin on that very day, as G*d had spoken with him. 24. And Abraham was ninety-nine years old, when he was circumcised of the flesh of his foreskin. 25. And Ishmael his son was thirteen years old, when he was circumcised of the flesh of his foreskin. 26. On that very day, Abraham was circumcised, and [so was] Ishmael his son. 27. And all the people of his household, those born in his house and those bought with money from foreigners, were circumcised with him.

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Haftorah In a Nutshell for Lech Lecha

Isaiah 40:27-41:16.

The haftorah for this week discusses Abraham’s journey to the land of Canaan at G*d’s behest, and touches upon Abraham’s miraculous battle against the four kings, both of which are described in this week’s Torah reading.

The prophet Isaiah addresses Israel’s complaint: “”My way [of serving G*d] has been ignored by the L*rd, and from my G*d, my judgment passes [unrewarded].”

Isaiah reminds Israel of the Creator’s greatness. The time will come when “He will give the tired strength, and to him who has no strength, He will increase strength. Youths shall become tired and weary, and young men shall stumble, but those who put their hope in the L*rd shall renew [their] vigor, they shall raise wings as eagles; they shall run and not weary, they shall walk and not tire.” Nevertheless, “there is no comprehension of His wisdom,” and as such, at times we cannot understand why He chooses to delay the reward of the righteous.

The haftorah then turns its attention to the idolatrous nations of the world. Isaiah reminds them of Abraham’s greatness, how after arriving in Canaan he pursued and defeated four mighty kings. “The islands saw and feared; the ends of the earth quaked.” Nevertheless, the nations who witnesses these miracles did not abandon their ways. “The [idol] craftsman strengthened the smith, the one who smoothes [the idol] with the hammer strengthened the one who wields the sledge hammer; the one who glues its coating says, “It is good,” and he strengthened it with nails that it should not move…”

G*d promises the Jewish nation to reward them for their loyalty to G*d. “Do not fear for I am with you; be not discouraged for I am your G*d. . . Behold all those incensed against you shall be ashamed and confounded; those who quarreled with you shall be as naught and be lost.”

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Haftorah reading for Lech Lecha

Isaiah 40:27-41:16.

Chapter Chapter 40

27. Why should you say, O Jacob, and speak, O Israel, “My way has been hidden from the L*rd, and from my G*d, my judgment passes”? 28. Do you not know-if you have not heard-an everlasting G*d is the L*rd, the Creator of the ends of the earth; He neither tires nor wearies; there is no fathoming His understanding. 29. Who gives the tired strength, and to him who has no strength, He increases strength. 30. Now youths shall become tired and weary, and young men shall stumble. 31. But those who put their hope in the L*rd shall renew [their] vigor, they shall raise wings as eagles; they shall run and not weary, they shall walk and not tire.

Chapter 41

1. Be silent to Me, you islands, and kingdoms shall renew [their] strength; they shall approach, then they shall speak, together to judgment let us draw near. 2. Who aroused from the East, [the one] whom righteousness accompanied? He placed nations before him and over kings He gave him dominion; He made his sword like dust, his bow like wind-blown stubble. 3. He pursued them and passed on safely, on a path upon which he had not come with his feet. 4. Who worked and did, Who calls the generations from the beginning; I, the L*rd, am first, and with the last ones I am He. 5. The islands shall see and fear; the ends of the earth shall quake; they have approached and come. 6. Each one shall aid his fellow, and to his brother he shall say, “Strengthen yourself.” 7. And the craftsman strengthened the smith, the one who smooths with the hammer [strengthened] the one who wields the sledge hammer; he says of the cement, “It is good,” and he strengthened it with nails that it should not move. 8. But you, Israel My servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, the seed of Abraham, who loved Me, 9. Whom I grasped from the ends of the earth, and from its nobles I called you, and I said to you, “You are My servant”; I chose you and I did not despise you. 10. Do not fear for I am with you; be not discouraged for I am your G*d: I encouraged you, I also helped you, I also supported you with My righteous hand. 11. Behold all those incensed against you shall be ashamed and confounded; those who quarreled with you shall be as nought and be lost. 12. You may seek them but not find them, those who quarrel with you; those who war with you shall be as nought and as nothing. 13. For I, the L*rd your G*d, grasp your right hand; Who says to you, “Fear not, I help you.” 14. Fear not, O worm of Jacob, the number of Israel; “I have helped you,” says the L*rd, and your redeemer, the Holy One of Israel. 15. Behold I have made you a new grooved threshing-sledge, with sharp points; you shall thresh the mountains and crush them fine, and you shall make hills like chaff. 16. You shall winnow them, and a wind shall carry them off, and a tempest shall scatter them, and you shall rejoice with the L*rd, with the Holy One of Israel shall you praise yourself.

2) Parshah Noach

Parshah and Haftorah for Noach (נֹחַ ), Hebrew “Noach” = the name “Noah,” the third word in the parshah Noach, Genesis 6:9-11:32, to be read on Tishrei 28 – Cheshvan 4, 5779; Oct 7-13, 2018.

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Parshah In a Nutshell for Noach

Genesis 6:9-11:32

G*d instructs Noah — the only righteous man in a world consumed by violence and corruption — to build a large wooden teivah (“ark”), coated within and without with pitch. A great deluge, says G*d, will wipe out all life from the face of the earth; but the ark will float upon the water, sheltering Noah and his family, and two members (male and female) of each animal species.

Rain falls for 40 days and nights, and the waters churn for 150 days more before calming and beginning to recede. The ark settles on Mount Ararat, and from its window Noah dispatches a raven, and then a series of doves, “to see if the waters were abated from the face of the earth.” When the ground dries completely — exactly one solar year (365 days) after the onset of the Flood — G*d commands Noah to exit the teivah and repopulate the earth.

Noah builds an altar and offers sacrifices to G*d. G*d swears never again to destroy all of mankind because of their deeds, and sets the rainbow as a testimony of His new covenant with man. G*d also commands Noah regarding the sacredness of life: murder is deemed a capital offense, and while man is permitted to eat the meat of animals, he is forbidden to eat flesh or blood taken from a living animal.

Noah plants a vineyard and becomes drunk on its produce. Two of Noah’s sons, Shem and Japeth, are blessed for covering up their father’s nakedness, while his third son, Ham, is cursed for taking advantage of his debasement.

The descendants of Noah remain a single people, with a single language and culture, for ten generations. Then they defy their Creator by building a great tower to symbolize their own invincibility; G*d confuses their language so that “one does not comprehend the tongue of the other,” causing them to abandon their project and disperse across the face of the earth, splitting into seventy nations.

The Parshah of Noach concludes with a chronology of the ten generations from Noah to Abram (later Abraham), and the latter’s journey from his birthplace of Ur Casdim to Charan, on the way to the Land of Canaan.

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Parshah reading for Noach

Genesis 6:9-11:32

1st Portion

Chapter 6

9. These are the generations of Noah, Noah was a righteous man he was perfect in his generations; Noah walked with G*d. 10. And Noah begot three sons: Shem, Ham, and Japheth. 11. Now the earth was corrupt before G*d, and the earth became full of robbery. 12. And G*d saw the earth, and behold it had become corrupted, for all flesh had corrupted its way on the earth. 13. And G*d said to Noah, “The end of all flesh has come before Me, for the earth has become full of robbery because of them, and behold I am destroying them from the earth. 14. Make for yourself an ark of gopher wood; you shall make the ark with compartments, and you shall caulk it both inside and outside with pitch. 15. And this [is the size] you shall make it: three hundred cubits the length of the ark, fifty cubits its breadth, and thirty cubits its height. 16. You shall make a skylight for the ark, and to a cubit you shall finish it to the top, and the entrance of the ark you shall place in its side; you shall make it with bottom [compartments], second story [compartments], and third story [compartments]. 17. And I, behold I am bringing the flood, water upon the earth, to destroy all flesh in which there is the spirit of life, from beneath the heavens; all that is upon the earth will perish. 18. And I will set up My covenant with you, and you shall come into the ark, you and your sons, and your wife and your sons’ wives with you. 19. And of all living things of all flesh, two of each you shall bring into the ark to preserve alive with you; they shall be male and female. 20. Of the fowl after its kind and of the animals after their kind, of every creeping thing upon the ground after its kind; two of each shall come to you to preserve alive. 21. And you, take for yourself of every food that is eaten and gather it in to you, and it shall be for you and for them to eat.” 22. And Noah did; according to all that G*d had commanded him, so he did.

2nd Portion

Chapter 7

1. And the L*rd said to Noah, “Come into the ark, you and all your household, for it is you that I have seen as a righteous man before Me in this generation. 2. Of all the clean animals you shall take for yourself seven pairs, a male and its mate, and of the animals that are not clean, two, a male and its mate. 3. Also, of the fowl of the heavens, seven pairs, male and female, to keep seed alive on the face of the earth. 4. For in another seven days, I will make it rain upon the earth for forty days and forty nights, and I will blot out all beings that I have made, off the face of the earth.” 5. And Noah did, according to all that the L*rd had commanded him. 6. And Noah was six hundred years old, and the flood came about, water upon the earth. 7. And Noah went in and his sons and his wife and his sons’ wives with him into the ark because of the flood waters. 8. Of the clean beasts and of the beasts that are not clean, and of the fowl, and all that creeps upon the earth. 9. Two by two they came to Noah to the ark, male and female, as G*d had commanded Noah. 10. And it came to pass after the seven days, that the flood waters were upon the earth. 11. In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on this day, all the springs of the great deep were split, and the windows of the heavens opened up. 12. And the rain was upon the earth for forty days and forty nights. 13. On this very day, Noah came, and Shem and Ham and Japheth, Noah’s sons, and Noah’s wife and his sons’ three wives with them, into the ark. 14. They, and every beast after its kind, and every domestic animal after its kind, and every creeping thing that creeps on the earth after its kind, and every fowl after its kind, every bird of every wing. 15. And they came to Noah to the ark, two by two of all flesh in which there is the spirit of life. 16. And those who came male and female of all flesh came, as G*d had commanded him, and the L*rd shut him in.

3rd Portion

Chapter 7

17. Now the Flood was forty days upon the earth, and the waters increased, and they lifted the ark, and it rose off the earth. 18. And the waters became powerful, and they increased very much upon the earth, and the ark moved upon the waters. 19. And the waters became exceedingly powerful upon the earth, and all the lofty mountains that were under the heavens were covered up. 20. Fifteen cubits above did the waters prevail, and the mountains were covered up. 21. And all flesh perished that moved upon the earth, among the fowl, and among the cattle, and among the beasts, and among all creeping creatures that creep upon the earth and all mankind. 22. Everything that had the breath of the spirit of life in its nostrils, of all that were on the dry land, died. 23. And it [the Flood] blotted out all beings that were upon the face of the earth, from man to animal to creeping thing and to the fowl of the heavens, and they were blotted out from the earth, and only Noah and those with him in the ark survived. 24. And the water prevailed upon the earth a hundred and fifty days.

Chapter 8

1. And G*d remembered Noah and all the beasts and all the cattle that were with him in the ark, and G*d caused a spirit to pass over the earth, and the waters subsided. 2. And the springs of the deep were closed, and the windows of the heavens, and the rain from the heavens was withheld. 3. And the waters receded off the earth more and more, and the water diminished at the end of a hundred and fifty days. 4. And the ark came to rest in the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on the mountains of Ararat. 5. And the waters constantly diminished until the tenth month; in the tenth [month], on the first of the month, the mountain peaks appeared. 6. And it came to pass at the end of forty days, that Noah opened the window of the ark that he had made. 7. And he sent forth the raven, and it went out, back and forth until the waters dried up off the earth. 8. And he sent forth the dove from with him, to see whether the waters had abated from upon the surface of the earth. 9. But the dove found no resting place for the sole of its foot; so it returned to him to the ark because there was water upon the entire surface of the earth; so he stretched forth his hand and took it, and he brought it to him to the ark. 10. And he waited again another seven days, and he again sent forth the dove from the ark. 11. And the dove returned to him at eventide, and behold it had plucked an olive leaf in its mouth; so Noah knew that the water had abated from upon the earth. 12. And he again waited another seven days, and he sent forth the dove, and it no longer continued to return to him. 13. And it came to pass in the six hundredth and first year, in the first [month], on the first of the month, that the waters dried up from upon the earth, and Noah removed the covering of the ark, and he saw, and behold, the surface of the ground had dried up. 14. And in the second month, on the twenty seventh day of the month, the earth was dry.

4th Portion

Chapter 8

15. And G*d spoke to Noah saying: 16. “Go out of the ark, you and your wife, and your sons, and your sons’ wives with you. 17. Every living thing that is with you of all flesh, of fowl, and of animals and of all the creeping things that creep on the earth, bring out with you, and they shall swarm upon the earth, and they shall be fruitful and multiply upon the earth.” 18. So Noah went out, and his sons and his wife and his sons’ wives with him. 19. Every beast, every creeping thing, and all fowl, everything that moves upon the earth, according to their families they went forth from the ark. 20. And Noah built an altar to the L*rd, and he took of all the clean animals and of all the clean fowl and brought up burnt offerings on the altar. 21. And the L*rd smelled the pleasant aroma, and the L*rd said to Himself, “I will no longer curse the earth because of man, for the imagination of man’s heart is evil from his youth, and I will no longer smite all living things as I have done. 22. So long as the earth exists, seedtime and harvest, cold and heat, summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease.”

Chapter 9

1. And G*d blessed Noah and his sons, and He said to them: “Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth. 2. And your fear and your dread shall be upon all the beasts of the earth and upon all the fowl of the heaven; upon everything that creeps upon the ground and upon all the fish of the sea, [for] they have been given into your hand[s]. 3. Every moving thing that lives shall be yours to eat; like the green vegetation, I have given you everything. 4. But, flesh with its soul, its blood, you shall not eat. 5. But your blood, of your souls, I will demand [an account]; from the hand of every beast I will demand it, and from the hand of man, from the hand of each man, his brother, I will demand the soul of man. 6. Whoever sheds the blood of man through man shall his blood be shed, for in the image of G*d He made man. 7. And you, be fruitful and multiply; swarm upon the earth and multiply thereon.”

5th Portion

Chapter 9

8. And G*d said to Noah and to his sons with him, saying: 9. “And I, behold I am setting up My covenant with you and with your seed after you. 10. And with every living creature that is with you, among the fowl, among the cattle, and among all the beasts of the earth with you, of all those who came out of the ark, of all the living creatures of the earth. 11. And I will establish My covenant with you, and never again will all flesh be cut off by the flood waters, and there will never again be a flood to destroy the earth.” 12. And G*d said: “This is the sign of the covenant, which I am placing between Me and between you, and between every living soul that is with you, for everlasting generations. 13. My rainbow I have placed in the cloud, and it shall be for a sign of a covenant between Myself and the earth. 14. And it shall come to pass, when I cause clouds to come upon the earth, that the rainbow will appear in the cloud. 15. And I will remember My covenant, which is between Me and between you and between every living creature among all flesh, and the water will no longer become a flood to destroy all flesh. 16. And the rainbow shall be in the cloud, and I will see it, to remember the everlasting covenant between G*d and between every living creature among all flesh, which is on the earth.” 17. And G*d said to Noah: “This is the sign of the covenant that I have set up, between Myself and between all flesh that is on the earth.”

6th Portion

Chapter 9

18. And the sons of Noah who came out of the ark were Shem, Ham, and Japheth; and Ham he was the father of Canaan. 19. These three were the sons of Noah, and from these, the entire earth spread out. 20. And Noah began to be a master of the soil, and he planted a vineyard. 21. And he drank of the wine and became drunk, and he uncovered himself within his tent. 22. And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw his father’s nakedness, and he told his two brothers outside. 23. And Shem and Japheth took the garment, and they placed [it] on both of their shoulders, and they walked backwards, and they covered their father’s nakedness, and their faces were turned backwards, so that they did not see their father’s nakedness. 24. And Noah awoke from his wine, and he knew what his small son had done to him. 25. And he said, “Cursed be Canaan; he shall be a slave among slaves to his brethren.” 26. And he said, “Blessed be the L*rd, the G*d of Shem, and may Canaan be a slave to them. 27. May G*d expand Japheth, and may He dwell in the tents of Shem, and may Canaan be a slave to them.” 28. And Noah lived after the Flood, three hundred and fifty years. 29. And all the days of Noah were nine hundred and fifty years, and he died.

Chapter 10

1. And these are the generations of the sons of Noah: Shem, Ham, and Japheth, and sons were born to them after the Flood. 2. The sons of Japheth were Gomer and Magog and Madai and Javan and Tubal, and Meshech and Tiras. 3. And the sons of Gomer were Ashkenaz and Riphath and Togarmah. 4. And the sons of Javan were Elishah and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim. 5. From these, the islands of the nations separated in their lands, each one to his language, according to their families, in their nations. 6. And the sons of Ham were Cush and Mizraim and Put and Canaan. 7. And the sons of Cush were Seba and Havilah and Sabta and Raamah and Sabtecha, and the sons of Raamah were Sheba and Dedan. 8. And Cush begot Nimrod; he began to be a mighty man in the land. 9. He was a mighty hunter before the L*rd; therefore it is said, “Like Nimrod, a mighty hunter before the L*rd.” 10. And the beginning of his kingdom was Babylon and Erech and Accad and Calneh, in the land of Shinar. 11. From that land emerged Asshur, and he built Nineveh and Rehoboth ir and Calah. 12. And Resen, between Nineveh and between Calah; that is the great city. 13. And Mizraim begot the Ludim and the Anamim and the Lehabim and the Naphtuhim, 14. And the Pathrusim and the Casluhim, from whom the Philistines emerged, and the Caphtorim. 15. And Canaan begot Zidon his firstborn and Heth. 16. And the Jebusites and the Amorites and the Girgashites. 17. And the Hivvites and the Arkites and the Sinites. 18. and the Arvadites and the Zemarites and the Hamathites, and afterwards the families of the Canaanites were scattered. 19. And the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon as you come to Gerar, until Gaza, as you come to Sodom and Gomorrah, and Admah and Zeboiim, until Lesha. 20. These are the sons of Ham according to their families, and their tongues, in their lands, in their nations. 21. And to Shem were also born [children; he was] the father of all the people of the other side [of the river], the brother of Japheth the elder. 22. The sons of Shem were Elam and Asshur and Arpachshad and Lud and Aram. 23. And the sons of Aram were Uz and Hul and Gether and Mash. 24. And Arpachshad begot Shelah, and Shelah begot Eber. 25. And to Eber were born two sons: one was named Peleg, because in his days the earth was divided, and the name of his brother was Joktan. 26. And Joktan begot Almodad and Sheleph and Hazarmaveth and Jerah. 27. And Hadoram and Uzal and Diklah. 28. And Obal and Abimael and Sheba. 29. And Ophir and Havilah and Jobab; all these were the sons of Joktan. 30. And their settlement was from Mesha, as you come to Sephar, the mountain of the east. 31. These are the sons of Shem according to their families, according to their tongues, in their lands, according to their nations. 32. These are the families of the sons of Noah according to their generations, in their nations, and from these, the nations were separated on the earth after the Flood.

7th Portion

Chapter 11

1. Now the entire earth was of one language and uniform words. 2. And it came to pass when they traveled from the east, that they found a valley in the land of Shinar and settled there. 3. And they said to one another, “Come, let us make bricks and fire them thoroughly”; so the bricks were to them for stones, and the clay was to them for mortar. 4. And they said, “Come, let us build ourselves a city and a tower with its top in the heavens, and let us make ourselves a name, lest we be scattered upon the face of the entire earth.” 5. And the L*rd descended to see the city and the tower that the sons of man had built. 6. And the L*rd said, “Lo! [they are] one people, and they all have one language, and this is what they have commenced to do. Now, will it not be withheld from them, all that they have planned to do? 7. Come, let us descend and confuse their language, so that one will not understand the language of his companion.” 8. And the L*rd scattered them from there upon the face of the entire earth, and they ceased building the city. 9. Therefore, He named it Babel, for there the L*rd confused the language of the entire earth, and from there the L*rd scattered them upon the face of the entire earth. 10. These are the generations of Shem: Shem was one hundred years old, and he begot Arpachshad, two years after the Flood. 11. And Shem lived after he had begotten Arpachshad five hundred years, and he begot sons and daughters. 12. And Arpachshad lived thirty five years, and he begot Shelah. 13. And Arpachshad lived after he had begotten Shelah four hundred and three years, and he begot sons and daughters. 14. And Shelah lived thirty years, and he begot Eber. 15. And Shelah lived after he had begotten Eber, four hundred and three years, and he begot sons and daughters. 16. And Eber lived thirty four years, and he begot Peleg. 17. And Eber lived after he had begotten Peleg, four hundred and thirty years, and he begot sons and daughters. 18. And Peleg lived thirty years, and he begot Reu. 19. And Peleg lived after he had begotten Reu, two hundred and nine years, and he begot sons and daughters. 20. And Reu lived thirty two years, and he begot Serug. 21. And Reu lived after he had begotten Serug two hundred and seven years, and he begot sons and daughters. 22. And Serug lived thirty years, and he begot Nahor. 23. And Serug lived after he had begotten Nahor, two hundred years, and he begot sons and daughters. 24. And Nahor lived twenty nine years, and he begot Terah. 25. And Nahor lived after he had begotten Terah one hundred and nineteen years, and he begot sons and daughters. 26. And Terah lived seventy years, and he begot Abram, Nahor, and Haran. 27. And these are the generations of Terah: Terah begot Abram, Nahor, and Haran, and Haran begot Lot. 28. And Haran died during the lifetime of Terah his father in the land of his birth, in Ur of the Chaldees.29. And Abram and Nahor took themselves wives; the name of Abram’s wife was Sarai, and the name of Nahor’s wife was Milcah, the daughter of Haran, the father of Milcah and the father of Iscah. 30. And Sarai was barren; she had no child. 31. And Terah took Abram his son and Lot the son of Haran, his grandson, and Sarai his daughter in law, the wife of Abram his son, and they went forth with them from Ur of the Chaldees to go to the land of Canaan, and they came as far as Haran and settled there. 32. And the days of Terah were two hundred and five years, and Terah died in Haran.

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Haftorah In a Nutshell for Noach

Isaiah 54:1-10.

Forsaken Jerusalem is likened to a barren woman devoid of children. G*d enjoins her to rejoice, for the time will soon come when the Jewish nation will return and proliferate, repopulating Israel’s once desolate cities. The prophet assures the Jewish people that G‑d has not forsaken them. Although He has momentarily hid His countenance from them, He will gather them from their exiles with great mercy. The haftorah compares the final Redemption to the pact G*d made with Noah in this week’s Torah reading. Just as G‑d promised to never bring a flood over the entire earth, so too He will never again be angry at the Jewish people.

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Haftorah reading for Noach

Isaiah 54:1-10.

Chapter 54

1. “Sing you barren woman who has not borne; burst out into song and jubilate, you who have not experienced birth pangs, for the children of the desolate one are more than the children of the married woman,” says the L*rd. 2. Widen the place of your tent, and let them stretch forth the curtains of your habitations, do not spare; lengthen your cords and strengthen your stakes. 3. For right and left shall you prevail, and your seed shall inherit nations and repeople desolate cities. 4. Fear not, for you shall not be ashamed, and be not embarrassed for you shall not be put to shame, for the shame of your youth you shall forget, and the disgrace of your widowhood you shall no longer remember. 5. For your Master is your Maker, the L*rd of Hosts is His name, and your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel, shall be called the G*d of all the earth. 6. For, like a wife who is deserted and distressed in spirit has the L*rd called you, and a wife of one’s youth who was rejected, said your G*d. 7. “For a small moment have I forsaken you, and with great mercy will I gather you. 8. With a little wrath did I hide My countenance for a moment from you, and with everlasting kindness will I have compassion on you,” said your Redeemer, the L*rd. 9. “For this is to Me [as] the waters of Noah, as I swore that the waters of Noah shall never again pass over the earth, so have I sworn neither to be wroth with you nor to rebuke you. 10. For the mountains shall depart and the hills totter, but My kindness shall not depart from you, neither shall the covenant of My peace totter,” says the L*rd, Who has compassion on you.