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9) Parshah Vayeishev וַיֵּשֶׁב

https://www.chabad.org/parshah/default_cdo/aid/15555/jewish/Vayeishev.htm

 

Vayeishev – Genesis 37:1-40:23

Parshah in a Nutshell for Vayeishev
Genesis 37:1-40:23

Jacob settles in Hebron with his twelve sons. His favorite is 17-year-old Joseph, whose brothers are jealous of the preferential treatment he receives from his father, such as a precious many-colored coat that Jacob makes for Joseph. Joseph relates to his brothers two dreams he has which foretell that he is destined to rule over them, increasing their envy and hatred towards him.

Shimon and Levi plot to kill him, but Reuben suggests that they throw him into a pit instead, intending to come back later and save him. While Joseph is in the pit, Judah has him sold to a band of passing Ishmaelites. The brothers dip Joseph’s special coat in the blood of a goat and show it to their father, leading him to believe that his most beloved son was devoured by a wild beast.

Judah marries and has three children. The eldest, Er, dies young and childless, and his wife Tamar is given in levirate marriage to the second son, Onan. Onan sins by spilling his seed and he, too, meets an early death. Judah is reluctant to have his third son marry her. Determined to have a child from Judah’s family, Tamar disguises herself as a prostitute and seduces Judah himself. Judah hears that his daughter-in-law has become pregnant and orders her executed for harlotry, but when Tamar produces some personal effects he left with her as a pledge for payment, he publicly admits that he is the father. Tamar gives birth to twin sons, Peretz (an ancestor of King David) and Zerach.

Joseph is taken to Egypt and sold to Potiphar, the minister in charge of Pharaoh’s slaughterhouses. G*d blesses everything he does, and soon he is made overseer of all his master’s property. Potiphar’s wife desires the handsome and charismatic lad; when Joseph rejects her advances, she tells her husband that the Hebrew slave tried to force himself on her and has him thrown in prison. Joseph gains the trust and admiration of his jailers, who appoint him to a position of authority in the prison administration.

In prison, Joseph meets Pharaoh’s chief butler and chief baker, both incarcerated for offending their royal master. Both have disturbing dreams, which Joseph interprets; in three days, he tells them, the butler will be released and the baker hanged. Joseph asks the butler to intercede on his behalf with Pharaoh. Joseph’s predictions are fulfilled, but the butler forgets all about Joseph and does nothing for him.

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Torah reading for Vayeishev

Genesis 37:1-40:23

1st Portion

Chapter 37

1. Jacob dwelt in the land of his father’s sojournings, in the land of Canaan. 2. These are the generations of Jacob: when Joseph was seventeen years old, being a shepherd, he was with his brothers with the flocks, and he was a lad, [and was] with the sons of Bilhah and with the sons of Zilpah, his father’s wives; and Joseph brought evil tales about them to their father. 3. And Israel loved Joseph more than all his sons, because he was a son of his old age; and he made him a fine woolen coat. 4. And his brothers saw that their father loved him more than all his brothers, so they hated him, and they could not speak with him peacefully. 5. And Joseph dreamed a dream and told his brothers, and they continued to hate him. 6. And he said to them, “Listen now to this dream, which I have dreamed: 7. Behold, we were binding sheaves in the midst of the field, and behold, my sheaf arose and also stood upright, and behold, your sheaves encircled [it] and prostrated themselves to my sheaf.” 8. So his brothers said to him, “Will you reign over us, or will you govern us?” And they continued further to hate him on account of his dreams and on account of his words. 9. And he again dreamed another dream, and he related it to his brothers, and he said, “Behold, I have dreamed another dream, and behold, the sun, the moon, and eleven stars were prostrating themselves to me.” 10. And he told [it] to his father and to his brothers, and his father rebuked him and said to him, “What is this dream that you have dreamed? Will we come I, your mother, and your brothers to prostrate ourselves to you to the ground?” 11. So his brothers envied him, but his father awaited the matter.

2nd Portion

Chapter 37

12. And his brothers went to pasture their father’s flocks in Shechem. 13. And Israel said to Joseph, “Are your brothers not pasturing in Shechem? Come, and I will send you to them.” And he said to him, “Here I am.” 14. So he said to him, “Go now and see to your brothers’ welfare and the welfare of the flocks, and bring me back word.” So he sent him from the valley of Hebron, and he came to Shechem. 15. Then a man found him, and behold, he was straying in the field, and the man asked him, saying, “What are you looking for?” 16. And he said, “I am looking for my brothers. Tell me now, where are they pasturing?” 17. And the man said, “They have traveled away from here, for I overheard them say, ‘Let us go to Dothan.’ ” So Joseph went after his brothers, and he found them in Dothan. 18. And they saw him from afar, and when he had not yet drawn near to them, they plotted against him to put him to death. 19. So they said one to the other, “Behold, that dreamer is coming. 20. So now, let us kill him, and we will cast him into one of the pits, and we will say, ‘A wild beast devoured him,’ and we will see what will become of his dreams.” 21. But Reuben heard, and he saved him from their hand[s], and he said, “Let us not deal him a deadly blow.” 22. And Reuben said to them, “Do not shed blood! Cast him into this pit, which is in the desert, but do not lay a hand upon him,” in order to save him from their hand[s], to return him to his father.

3rd Portion

Chapter 37

23. Now it came to pass when Joseph came to his brothers, that they stripped Joseph of his shirt, of the fine woolen coat which was upon him. 24. And they took him and cast him into the pit; now the pit was empty there was no water in it. 25. And they sat down to eat a meal, and they lifted their eyes and saw, and behold, a caravan of Ishmaelites was coming from Gilead, and their camels were carrying spices, balm, and lotus, going to take [it] down to Egypt. 26. And Judah said to his brothers, “What is the gain if we slay our brother and cover up his blood? 27. Come, let us sell him to the Ishmaelites, but our hand shall not be upon him, for he is our brother, our flesh.” And his brothers hearkened. 28. Then Midianite men, merchants, passed by, and they pulled and lifted Joseph from the pit, and they sold Joseph to the Ishmaelites for twenty silver [pieces], and they brought Joseph to Egypt. 29. And Reuben returned to the pit, and behold, Joseph was not in the pit; so he rent his garments. 30. And he returned to his brothers and said, “The boy is gone! And I where will I go?” 31. And they took Joseph’s coat, and they slaughtered a kid, and they dipped the coat in the blood. 32. And they sent the fine woolen coat, and they brought [it] to their father, and they said, “We have found this; now recognize whether it is your son’s coat or not.” 33. He recognized it, and he said, “[It is] my son’s coat; a wild beast has devoured him; Joseph has surely been torn up.” 34. And Jacob rent his garments, and he put sackcloth on his loins, and he mourned for his son many days. 35. And all his sons and all his daughters arose to console him, but he refused to be consoled, for he said, “Because I will descend on account of my son as a mourner to the grave”; and his father wept for him. 36. And the Midianites sold him to Egypt, to Potiphar, Pharaoh’s chamberlain, chief of the slaughterers.

4th Portion

Chapter 38

1. Now it came about at that time that Judah was demoted by his brothers, and he turned away until [he came] to an Adullamite man, named Hirah. 2. And there Judah saw the daughter of a merchant named Shua, and he took her and came to her. 3. And she conceived and bore a son, and he named him Er. 4. And she conceived again and bore a son, and she named him Onan. 5. Once again she bore a son, and she named him Shelah, and he (Judah) was in Chezib when she gave birth to him. 6. And Judah took a wife for Er, his firstborn, named Tamar. 7. Now Er, Judah’s firstborn, was evil in the eyes of the L*rd, and the L*rd put him to death. 8. So Judah said to Onan, “Come to your brother’s wife and perform the rite of the levirate, and raise up progeny for your brother.” 9. Now Onan knew that the progeny would not be his, and it came about, when he came to his brother’s wife, he wasted [his semen] on the ground, in order not to give seed to his brother. 10. Now what he did was evil in the eyes of the L*rd, and He put him to death also. 11. Then Judah said to his daughter in law Tamar, “Remain as a widow in your father’s house until my son Shelah grows up,” for he said, “Lest he too die, like his brothers.” So Tamar went, and she remained in her father’s house. 12. Many days passed, and Shua’s daughter, Judah’s wife, died; and Judah was consoled, and he went up [to watch] over his sheepshearers he and Hirah, his Adullamite friend to Timnah. 13. And it was told to Tamar, saying, “Behold, your father in law is going up to Timnah to shear his sheep.”14. So she took off her widow’s garb, covered [her head] with a veil and covered her face, and she sat down at the crossroads that were on the way to Timnah, for she saw that Shelah had grown up, but as for her she was not given to him for a wife. 15. When Judah saw her, he thought she was a harlot, because she covered her face. 16. So he turned aside toward her to the road, and he said, “Get ready now, I will come to you,” for he did not know that she was his daughter in law, and she said, “What will you give me that you should come to me?” 17. And he said, “I will send a kid from the herd,” and she said, “[Only] if you give me a pledge until you send [it].” 18. So he said, “What is the pledge that I should give you?” And she said, “Your signet, your cloak, and the staff that is in your hand.” So he gave them to her, and he came to her, and she conceived his likeness. 19. Then she arose and went away, and she took off her veil, and she donned her widow’s garb. 20. And Judah sent the kid by the hand of his Adullamite friend to take the pledge from the woman’s hand, but he did not find her. 21. So he asked the people of the place, saying, “Where is the harlot who was at the crossroads on the way?” and they said, “No harlot was here.” 22. So he returned to Judah, and he said, “I have not found her, and the people of the place also said, ‘No harlot was here.’ ” 23. So Judah said, “Let her take [them] for herself, lest we become a laughingstock. Behold, I sent this kid, but you did not find her.” 24. Now it came about after nearly three months, that it was told to Judah, saying, “Your daughter in law Tamar has played the harlot, and behold, she is pregnant from harlotry.” So Judah said, “Bring her out, and let her be burned.” 25. She was taken out, and she sent to her father in law, saying, “From the man to whom these belong I am pregnant,” and she said, “Please recognize whose signet ring, cloak, and staff are these?” 26. Then Judah recognized [them], and he said, “She is right, [it is] from me, because I did not give her to my son Shelah.” But he no longer continued to be intimate with her. 27. And it came about at the time she was giving birth, that behold, there were twins in her womb. 28. And it came about when she gave birth, that he (the infant) stretched out his hand. So the midwife took and bound a crimson thread on his hand, saying, “This one came out first.” 29. And it came about, as he was drawing back his hand, behold, his brother emerged, and she said, “With what strength you have strengthened yourself!” And he (Judah) named him Perez. 30. Afterwards, his brother emerged, the one upon whose hand was the crimson thread, and he named him Zerah.

5th Portion

Chapter 39

1. Now Joseph had been brought down to Egypt, and Potiphar, Pharaoh’s chamberlain, chief of the slaughterers, an Egyptian man, purchased him from the Ishmaelites who had brought him down there. 2. The L*rd was with Joseph, and he was a successful man, and he was in the house of his Egyptian master. 3. And his master saw that the L*rd was with him, and whatever he (Joseph) did the L*rd made prosper in his hand. 4. And Joseph found favor in his eyes, and he (Joseph) served him, and he (Potiphar) appointed him over his house, and all he had he gave into his hand. 5. Now it came to pass that since he had appointed him over his house and over all that he had, the L*rd blessed the house of the Egyptian for Joseph’s sake, and the blessing of the L*rd was in all that he had, in the house and in the field. 6. So he left all that he had in Joseph’s hand, and he knew nothing about what was with him except the bread that he ate; and Joseph had handsome features and a beautiful complexion.

6th Portion

Chapter 39

7. Now it came to pass after these events that his master’s wife lifted up her eyes to Joseph, and she said, “Lie with me.” 8. But he refused, and he said to his master’s wife, “Behold, with me my master knows nothing about anything in the house, and all he has he has given into my hand. 9. In this house, there is no one greater than I, and he has not withheld anything from me except you, insofar as you are his wife. Now how can I commit this great evil, and sin against G*d?” 10. Now it came about when she spoke to Joseph day in and day out, that he did not obey her, to lie beside her [and] to be with her.
11. And it came about on a certain day, that he came to the house to do his work, and none of the people of the house were there in the house. 12. So she grabbed him by his garment, saying, “Lie with me!” But he left his garment in her hand and fled and went outside. 13. Now it happened, when she saw that he had left his garment in her hand and had fled outside, 14. that she called to the people of her house, and she spoke to them, saying, “Look! He brought us a Hebrew man to mock us. He came to me to lie with me, but I called loudly. 15. And it happened that when he heard that I raised my voice and called out, he left his garment beside me, and he fled and went outside.” 16. So she left his garment beside her, until his master came home. 17. And she told him the same thing, saying, “The Hebrew slave that you brought to us came to me to mock me. 18. And it happened when I raised my voice and called out, that he left his garment beside me and fled outside.” 19. Now it came about when his master heard his wife’s report that she spoke to him, saying, “Your slave did such things to me,” that his wrath burned. 20. So Joseph’s master took him and put him into prison, the place where the king’s prisoners were imprisoned, and he was there in the prison. 21. The L*rd was with Joseph, and He extended charisma to him, and He gave him favor in the eyes of the warden of the prison. 22. So the warden of the prison+ delivered all the prisoners who were in the prison into Joseph’s hand, and whatever they did there, he [was the one who] did it. 23. The warden of the prison did not inspect anything [that was] in his (Joseph’s) hand, for the L*rd was with him, and whatever he did the L*rd made prosper.

7th Portion

Chapter 40

1. Now it came about after these events that the cupbearer of the king of Egypt and the baker sinned against their master, against the king of Egypt. 2. And Pharaoh became incensed at his two chamberlains, at the chief cupbearer and at the chief baker. 3. And he placed them in the prison of the house of the chief of the slaughterers, into the prison, the place where Joseph was imprisoned. 4. And the chief of the slaughterers appointed Joseph [to be] with them, and he served them, and they were a year in prison. 5. Now both of them dreamed a dream, each one his dream on the same night, each man according to the interpretation of his dream, the cupbearer and the baker of the king of Egypt, who were confined in the prison. 6. And Joseph came to them in the morning, and he saw them and behold, they were troubled. 7. And he asked Pharaoh’s chamberlains who were with him in the prison of his master’s house, saying, “Why are your faces sad today?” 8. And they said to him, “We have dreamed a dream, and there is no interpreter for it.” Joseph said to them, “Don’t interpretations belong to G*d? Tell [them] to me now.” 9. So the chief cupbearer related his dream to Joseph, and he said to him, “In my dream, behold, a vine is before me. 10. And on the vine are three tendrils, and it seemed to be blossoming, and its buds came out; [then] its clusters ripened into grapes. 11. And Pharaoh’s cup was in my hand, and I took the grapes and squeezed them into Pharaoh’s cup, and I placed the cup on Pharaoh’s palm.” 12. And Joseph said to him, “This is its meaning: the three tendrils are three days. 13. In another three days, Pharaoh will number you [with the other officers], and he will restore you to your position, and you will place Pharaoh’s cup into his hand, according to [your] previous custom, when you were his cupbearer. 14. But remember me when things go well with you, and please do me a favor and mention me to Pharaoh, and you will get me out of this house. 15. For I was stolen from the land of the Hebrews, and here too, I have done nothing, for which they have put me into the dungeon.” 16. Now the chief baker saw that he had interpreted well. So he said to Joseph, “Me too! In my dream, behold, there were three wicker baskets on my head. 17. And in the topmost basket were all kinds of Pharaoh’s food, the work of a baker, and the birds were eating them from the basket atop my head.” 18. And Joseph replied and said, “This is its meaning: the three baskets represent three days. 19. In another three days, Pharaoh will remove your head from you and hang you on a gallows, and the birds will eat your flesh off you.” 20. Now it came about on the third day, Pharaoh’s birthday, that Pharaoh made a feast for all his servants, and he counted the chief cupbearer and chief baker among his servants. 21. And he restored the chief cupbearer to his [position as] cupbearer, and he placed the cup on Pharaoh’s palm. 22. And the chief baker he hanged, as Joseph had interpreted to them. 23. But the chief cupbearer did not remember Joseph, and he forgot him.

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Haftorah In a Nutshell for Vayeishev

Amos 2:6-3:8

This week’s haftorah contains an allusion to the sale of Joseph by his brothers, an incident discussed in this week’s Torah reading.

Amos opens with a rebuke to the Jewish People. G*d had been patient with them notwithstanding their transgression of the three cardinal sins — sexual impropriety, idolatry and murder. Their fourth sin, however, crossed the line — the mistreatment of the innocent, widows, orphans and the poor.

G*d reminds the Jewish people how He lovingly took them out of Egypt and led them through the desert for forty years and settled them in the Holy Land. There, He bestowed the gift of prophecy on some and inspired others to become Nazirites. Yet the Jewish people did not respond appropriately, giving wine to the Nazirites and instructing the prophets not to prophesy. Amos then goes on to describe G*d’s punishment for the errant behavior: “And the stout-hearted among the mighty shall flee naked on that day, says the L*rd.”

The haftorah ends with an admonition from G*d, one that also recalls His eternal love for His people: “Hearken to this word which the L*rd spoke about you, O children of Israel, concerning the entire nation that I brought up from the land of Egypt. ‘Only you did I love above all the families of the earth; therefore, I will visit upon you all your iniquities…'” As opposed to other nations to whom G*d does not pay close attention, G*d’s love for His nation causes Him to punish them for their misdeeds, to cleanse them and prod them back onto the path of the just.

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Haftorah Reading for Vayeishev

Amos 2:6-3:8

Chapter 2

6. So said the L*rd: For three transgressions of Israel, yea for four, I will not return them; For selling an innocent man for money, and a poor man in order to lock [the fields]. 7. Who aspire on the dust of the earth concerning the head of the poor, and they pervert the way of the humble, and a man and his father go to the maid, in order to profane My Holy Name. 8. And they recline on pledged garments beside every altar, and the wine of the fined ones they drink in the house of their gods. 9. And I destroyed the Amorites from before them, whose height is as the height of the cedar trees, and they are as strong as oaks, and I destroyed his fruit from above and his roots from below. 10. And I brought you up from the land of Egypt, and I led you in the desert for forty years, to inherit the land of the Amorites. 11. And I raised up some of your sons as prophets and some of your young men as Nazirites; is this not so, O children of Israel? says the L*rd. 12. And you gave the Nazirites to drink wine, and you commanded the prophets saying, “Do not prophesy.” 13. Behold, I will oppress your dwelling place, as a wagon full of sheaves is oppressed. 14. And escape shall be lost to the swift, and the strong shall not gain strength, nor shall the mighty man deliver himself. 15. And he who holds the bow shall not stand, and the fleetfooted shall not deliver, and the rider of the horse shall not deliver himself. 16. And the stout-hearted among the mighty shall flee naked on that day, says the L*rd.

Chapter 3
1. Hearken to this word which the L*rd spoke about you, O children of Israel, about the entire family which I brought up from the land of Egypt, saying: 2. Only you did I love above all the families of the earth; therefore, I will visit upon you all your iniquities. 3. Will two walk together unless they agreed? 4. Will a lion roar in the forest if he has no prey? Will a young lion let out a cry from his den unless he has taken something? 5. Will a bird fall on a net upon the ground unless it has a snare? Will a net ascend from the ground and have taken nothing? 6. Will a shophar be sounded in the city and the people not quake? Will there be evil in the city if the L*rd has not done it? 7. For the L*rd G*d does nothing unless He has revealed His secret to His servants, the prophets. 8. A lion has roared; who will not fear? The L*rd G*d has spoken; who will not prophesy?

8) Parshah Vayishlach וַיִּשְׁלַח

https://www.chabad.org/parshah/default_cdo/aid/15554/jewish/Vayishlach.htm

 

Parshah and Haftorah for Vayishlach (וַיִּשְׁלַח). The Hebrew words for “he sent,” the first word of the Parshah, Genesis 32:4–36:43; read on the days of Kislev 10-16, 5779, aka Nov 18-24, 2018.

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Parshah in a Nutshell for Vayishlach
Genesis 32:4-36:43

Jacob returns to the Holy Land after a 20-year stay in Charan, and sends angel-emissaries to Esau in hope of a reconciliation, but his messengers report that his brother is on the warpath with 400 armed men. Jacob prepares for war, prays, and sends Esau a large gift (consisting of hundreds of heads of sheep and cattle) to appease him.

That night, Jacob ferries his family and possessions across the Yabbok River; he, however, remains behind and encounters the angel that embodies the spirit of Esau, with whom he wrestles until daybreak. Jacob suffers a dislocated hip but vanquishes the supernal creature, who bestows on him the name Israel, which means “He who prevails over the Divine.”

Jacob and Esau meet, embrace and kiss, but part ways. Jacob purchases a plot of land near Shechem, whose crown prince — also called Shechem — abducts and rapes Jacob’s daughter Dinah. Dinah’s brothers Simon and Levi avenge the deed by killing all male inhabitants of the city after rendering them vulnerable by convincing them to circumcise themselves.

Jacob journeys on. Rachel dies while giving birth to her second son, Benjamin, and is buried in a roadside grave near Bethlehem. Reuben loses the birthright because he interferes with his father’s marital life. Jacob arrives in Hebron, to his father Isaac, who later dies at age 180 (Rebecca has passed away before Jacob’s arrival).

Our parshah concludes with a detailed account of Esau’s wives, children and grandchildren, and the family histories of the people of Se’ir among whom Esau settled.

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Torah reading for Vayishlach

Genesis 32:4-36:43

1st Portion

Chapter 32

4. Jacob sent angels ahead of him to his brother Esau, to the land of Seir, the field of Edom. 5. And he commanded them, saying, “So shall you say to my master to Esau, ‘Thus said your servant Jacob, “I have sojourned with Laban, and I have tarried until now. 6. And I have acquired oxen and donkeys, flocks, manservants, and maidservants, and I have sent to tell [this] to my master, to find favor in your eyes.’ ” 7. The angels returned to Jacob, saying, “We came to your brother, to Esau, and he is also coming toward you, and four hundred men are with him.” 8. Jacob became very frightened and was distressed; so he divided the people who were with him and the flocks and the cattle and the camels into two camps. 9. And he said, “If Esau comes to one camp and strikes it down, the remaining camp will escape.” 10. And Jacob said, “O G*d of my father Abraham and G*d of my father Isaac, the L*rd, Who said to me, ‘Return to your land and to your birthplace, and I will do good to you.’ 11. I have become small from all the kindnesses and from all the truth that You have rendered Your servant, for with my staff I crossed this Jordan, and now I have become two camps. 12. Now deliver me from the hand of my brother, from the hand of Esau, for I am afraid of him, lest he come and strike me, [and strike] a mother with children. 13. And You said, ‘I will surely do good with you, and I will make your seed [as numerous] as the sand of the sea, which cannot be counted because of multitude.'”

2nd Portion

Chapter 32

14. So he lodged there on that night, and he took from what came into his hand a gift for his brother Esau: 15. Two hundred she goats and twenty he goats, two hundred ewes and twenty rams, 16. Thirty nursing camels with their young, forty cows and ten bulls, twenty she donkeys and ten he donkeys. 17. And he gave into the hands of his servants each herd individually, and he said to his servants, “Pass on ahead of me and make a space between one herd and another herd.” 18. And he commanded the first one, saying, “When my brother Esau meets you, and asks you, saying, ‘To whom do you belong, and where are you going, and for whom are these before you?’ 19. You shall say, ‘[I belong] to your servant Jacob; it is a gift sent to my master, to Esau, and behold, he himself is behind us.'” 20. And he commanded also the second one, also the third one, also all those who followed the herds, saying, “In this manner shall you speak to Esau when you meet him. 21. And you shall say, ‘Also, behold, your servant Jacob is behind us.’ ” For he said, “I will appease his anger with the gift that is going before me, and afterwards I will see his face, perhaps he will favor me.” 22. So the gift passed on before him, and he lodged that night in the camp. 23. And he arose during that night, and he took his two wives and his two maidservants and his eleven children, and he crossed the ford of [the] Jabbok. 24. And he took them and brought them across the stream, and he took across what was his. 25. And Jacob was left alone, and a man wrestled with him until the break of dawn. 26. When he saw that he could not prevail against him, he touched the socket of his hip, and the socket of Jacob’s hip became dislocated as he wrestled with him. 27. And he (the angel) said, “Let me go, for dawn is breaking,” but he (Jacob) said, “I will not let you go unless you have blessed me.” 28. So he said to him, “What is your name?” and he said, “Jacob.” 29. And he said, “Your name shall no longer be called Jacob, but Israel, because you have commanding power with [an angel of] G*d and with men, and you have prevailed.” 30. And Jacob asked and said, “Now tell me your name,” and he said, “Why is it that you ask for my name?” And he blessed him there.

3rd Portion

Chapter 32

31. And Jacob named the place Peniel, for [he said,] “I saw an angel face to face, and my soul was saved.” 32. And the sun rose for him when he passed Penuel, and he was limping on his thigh. 33. Therefore, the children of Israel may not eat the displaced tendon, which is on the socket of the hip, until this day, for he touched the socket of Jacob’s hip, in the hip sinew.

Chapter 33

1. Jacob lifted his eyes and saw, and behold, Esau was coming, and with him were four hundred men; so he divided the children with Leah and with Rachel and with the two maidservants. 2. And he placed the maidservants and their children first and Leah and her children after, and Rachel and her Joseph last. 3. And he went ahead of them and prostrated himself to the ground seven times, until he came close to his brother. 4. And Esau ran toward him and embraced him, and he fell on his neck and kissed him, and they wept. 5. And he lifted his eyes and saw the women and the children, and he said, “Who are these to you?” And he said, “The children with whom G*d has favored your servant.”

4th Portion

Chapter 33

6. And the maidservants and their children drew near and prostrated themselves. 7. And Leah and her children drew near and prostrated themselves, and after [them], Joseph and Rachel drew near and prostrated themselves. 8. And he said, “What is to you [the purpose of] all this camp that I have met?” And he said, “To find favor in my master’s eyes.” 9. But Esau said, “I have plenty, my brother; let what you have remain yours.” 10. Thereupon Jacob said, “Please no! If indeed I have found favor in your eyes, then you shall take my gift from my hand, because I have seen your face, which is like seeing the face of an angel, and you have accepted me. 11. Now take my gift, which has been brought to you, for G*d has favored me [with it], and [because] I have everything.” He prevailed upon him, and he took [it]. 12. Thereupon, he said, “Travel and we will go, and I will go alongside you.” 13. And he said to him, “My master knows that the children are tender, and the flocks and the cattle, which are raising their young, depend upon me, and if they overdrive them one day, all the flocks will die. 14. Now, let my master go ahead before his servant, and I will move [at] my own slow pace, according to the pace of the work that is before me and according to the pace of the children, until I come to my master, to Seir.” 15. Thereupon Esau said, “Let me leave with you some of the people who are with me.” But he said, “Why [do] that? May I find favor in my master’s eyes.” 16. So Esau returned on that day on his way to Seir. 17. And Jacob traveled to Succoth and built himself a house, and for his cattle he made booths; therefore he named the place Succoth. 18. And Jacob came safely [to] the city of Shechem, which is in the land of Canaan, when he came from Padan aram, and he encamped before the city. 19. And he bought the part of the field where he had pitched his tent from the sons of Hamor, the father of Shechem, for a hundred kesitas. 20. There he erected an altar, and he named it “G*d is the G*d of Israel.”

5th Portion

Chapter 34

1. Dinah, the daughter of Leah, whom she had borne to Jacob, went out to look about among the daughters of the land. 2. And Shechem the son of Hamor, the Hivvite, the prince of the land, saw her, and he took her, lay with her, and violated her. 3. And his soul cleaved to Dinah the daughter of Jacob; he loved the girl and spoke to the girl’s heart. 4. And Shechem spoke to his father Hamor saying, “Take this girl for me as a wife.” 5. Jacob had heard that he had defiled his daughter Dinah, but his sons were with his livestock in the field, and Jacob kept silent until they came [home]. 6. And Hamor, the father of Shechem, went out to Jacob to speak with him. 7. And Jacob’s sons had come from the field when they heard, and the men were grieved, and they burned fiercely, because he had committed a scandalous act in Israel, to lie with a daughter of Jacob, and such ought not to be done. 8. And Hamor spoke with them, saying, “My son Shechem his soul has a liking for your daughter. Please give her to him for a wife. 9. And intermarry with us; you shall give us your daughters, and you shall take our daughters for yourselves. 10. And you shall dwell with us, and the land shall be before you; remain, do business there and settle there.” 11. And Shechem said to her father and to her brothers, “May I find favor in your eyes. Whatever you tell me I will give. 12. Impose upon me a large marriage settlement and gifts, and I will give as [much as] you ask of me, but give me the girl for a wife.” 13. Thereupon, Jacob’s sons answered Shechem and his father Hamor with cunning, and they spoke, because [after all] he had defiled their sister Dinah. 14. And they said to them, “We cannot do this thing, to give our sister to a man who has a foreskin, for that is a disgrace to us. 15. But with this, however, we will consent to you, if you will be like us, that every male will be circumcised. 16. Then we will give you our daughters, and we will take your daughters for ourselves, and we will dwell with you and become one people. 17. But if you do not listen to us to be circumcised, we will take our daughter and go.” 18. Their words pleased Hamor and Shechem, the son of Hamor. 19. And the young man did not delay to do the thing because he desired Jacob’s daughter, and he was the most honored in all his father’s household. 20. And Hamor and his son Shechem came to the gate of their city, and they spoke to the people of their city, saying, 21. “These men are peaceful with us, and they will dwell in the land and do business there, and the land behold it is spacious enough for them. We will take their daughters for ourselves as wives, and we will give them our daughters. 22. However, [only] with this [condition] will the men consent to dwell with us, to become one people, by every male among us being circumcised, just as they are circumcised. 23. Then shall not their cattle, their property, and all their beasts be ours? But let us consent to them, and they will dwell with us.” 24. And all those coming out of the gate of his city listened to Hamor and his son Shechem, and every male, all who went out of the gate of his city, became circumcised. 25. Now it came to pass on the third day, when they were in pain, that Jacob’s two sons, Simeon and Levi, Dinah’s brothers, each took his sword, and they came upon the city with confidence, and they slew every male. 26. And Hamor and his son Shechem they slew with the edge of the sword, and they took Dinah out of Shechem’s house and left. 27. Jacob’s sons came upon the slain and plundered the city that had defiled their sister. 28. Their flocks and their cattle and their donkeys, and whatever was in the city and whatever was in the field they took. 29. And all their wealth and all their infants and their wives they captured and plundered, and all that was in the house. 30. Thereupon, Jacob said to Simeon and to Levi, “You have troubled me, to discredit me among the inhabitants of the land, among the Canaanites and among the Perizzites, and I am few in number, and they will gather against me, and I and my household will be destroyed.” 31. And they said, “Shall he make our sister like a harlot?”

Chapter 35

1. And G*d said to Jacob, “Arise and go up to Beth el and abide there, and make there an altar to the G*d Who appeared to you when you fled from your brother Esau.” 2. Thereupon Jacob said to his household and to all those who were with him, “Remove the deities of the foreign nations, which are in your midst, purify yourselves and change your clothes. 3. And we will arise and go up to Beth el, and I will make an altar to the G*d Who answered me on the day of my distress, and was with me on the way that I went.” 4. And they gave Jacob all the deities of the nations that were in their possession and the earrings that were in their ears, and Jacob hid them under the terebinth that was near Shechem. 5. Then they traveled, and the fear of G*d was upon the cities that were around them, so that they did not pursue Jacob’s sons. 6. And Jacob came to Luz, which is in the land of Canaan that is Beth el he and all the people who were with him. 7. He built there an altar, and he called the place El Beth el, for there G*d had been revealed to him when he fled from before his brother Esau. 8. And Deborah, Rebecca’s nurse, died, and she was buried beneath Beth el, beneath the plain; so he named it Allon Bachuth. 9. And G*d appeared again to Jacob when he came from Padan aram, and He blessed him. 10. G*d said to him, “Your name is Jacob. Your name shall no longer be called Jacob, but Israel shall be your name.” And He named him Israel. 11. And G*d said to him, “I am the Almighty G*d; be fruitful and multiply; a nation and a multitude of nations shall come into existence from you, and kings shall come forth from your loins.

6th Portion

Chapter 35

12. And the land that I gave to Abraham and to Isaac, I will give to you and to your seed after you will I give the land.” 13. And G*d went up from him in the place where He had spoken with him. 14. Now Jacob had erected a monument in the place where He had spoken with him, a stone monument, and he poured a libation upon it, and [then] he poured oil upon it. 15. Jacob named the place where G*d had spoken with him Beth el. 16. And they journeyed from Beth el, and there was still some distance to come to Ephrath, and Rachel gave birth, and her labor was difficult. 17. It came to pass when she had such difficulty giving birth, that the midwife said to her, “Do not be afraid, for this one, too, is a son for you.” 18. And it came to pass, when her soul departed for she died that she named him Ben oni, but his father called him Benjamin. 19. So Rachel died, and she was buried on the road to Ephrath, which is Bethlehem. 20. And Jacob erected a monument on her grave; that is the tombstone of Rachel until this day. 21. Israel journeyed, and he pitched his tent at some distance past the Tower of Eder. 22. And it came to pass when Israel sojourned in that land, that Reuben went and lay with Bilhah, his father’s concubine, and Israel heard [of it], and so, the sons of Jacob were twelve. 23. The sons of Leah [were] Reuben, Jacob’s firstborn, and Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun. 24. The sons of Rachel: Joseph and Benjamin. 25. The sons of Bilhah, Rachel’s maidservant: Dan and Naphtali. 26. The sons of Zilpah, Leah’s maidservant: Gad and Asher. These are Jacob’s sons who were born to him in Padan aram. 27. And Jacob came to his father Isaac, to Mamre, Kiriath arba, which is Hebron, where Abraham and Isaac dwelt. 28. The days of Isaac were a hundred and eighty years. 29. And Isaac expired and died and was gathered in to his peoples, old and sated with days, and his sons, Esau and Jacob, buried him.

Chapter 36

1. And these are the generations of Esau, that is, Edom. 2. Esau took his wives from the daughters of Canaan: Adah, daughter of Elon the Hittite; and Oholibamah, daughter of Anah, daughter of Zibeon the Hivvite; 3. also Basemath, daughter of Ishmael, sister of Nebaioth. 5. Oholibamah bore Jeush and Jalam and Korah; these are the sons of Esau who were born to him in the land of Canaan. 6. And Esau took his wives, his sons, and his daughters and all the people of his household, and his cattle and all his animals and all his property that he had acquired in the land of Canaan, and he went to a[nother] land, because of his brother Jacob. 7. For their possessions were too numerous for them to dwell together, and the land of their sojournings could not support them because of their livestock. 8. So Esau dwelt on Mount Seir Esau, that is Edom. 9. And these are the generations of Esau the progenitor of Edom, on Mount Seir. 10. These are the names of Esau’s sons: Eliphaz, son of Adah, the wife of Esau, Reuel, son of Basemath, the wife of Esau. 11. The sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gaatam, and Kenaz. 12. And Timna was a concubine to Eliphaz, son of Esau, and she bore to Eliphaz, Amalek. These are the sons of Adah, the wife of Esau. 13. And these are the sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. These are the sons of Basemath, the wife of Esau. 14. And these are the sons of Oholibamah, daughter of Anah, daughter of Zibeon, the wife of Esau; she bore to Esau: Jeush, Jaalam, and Korah. 15. These became the chieftains of the sons of Esau: the sons of Eliphaz, Esau’s firstborn: Chief Teman, Chief Omar, Chief Zepho, Chief Kenaz, 16. Chief Korah, Chief Gaatam, Chief Amalek. These are the chieftains of Eliphaz in the land of Edom; these are the sons of Adah. 17. And these are the sons of Reuel the son of Esau: Chief Nahath, Chief Zerah, Chief Shammah, and Chief Mizzah. These are the chieftains of Reuel in the land of Edom; these are the sons of Basemath, the wife of Esau. 18. And these are the sons of Oholibamah, the wife of Esau: Chief Jeush, Chief Jaalam, Chief Korah. These are the chieftains of Oholibamah, daughter of Anah, the wife of Esau. 19. These are the sons of Esau and these are their chieftains, he is Edom.

7th Portion

Chapter 36

20. These are the sons of Seir the Horite, the inhabitants of the land: Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, and Anah; 21. Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan. These are the chieftains of the Horites, the sons of Seir in the land of Edom. 22. The sons of Lotan were Hori and Hemam, and the sister of Lotan was Timna. 23. And these are the sons of Shobal: Alvan, Manahath, and Ebal, Shepho and Onam. 24. And these are the sons of Zibeon: Aiah and Anah he is Anah who found the mules in the wilderness when he pastured the donkeys for his father Zibeon. 25. And these are the sons of Anah: Dishon and Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah. 26. And these are the sons of Dishan: Hemdan, Eshban, Ithran, and Cheran. 27. These are the sons of Ezer: Bilhan, Zaavan, and Akan. 28. These are the sons of Dishan: Uz and Aran. 29. These are the chieftains of the Horites: Chief Lotan, Chief Shobal, Chief Zibeon, Chief Anah, 30. Chief Dishon, Chief Ezer, and Chief Dishan; these are the chieftains of the Horites according to their chieftains in the land of Edom. 31. And these are the kings who reigned in the land of Edom before any king reigned over the children of Israel: 32. Bela, son of Beor reigned in Edom, and the name of his city was Dinhabah. 33. Bela died, and Jobab, son of Zerah of Bozrah, reigned in his stead. 34. And Jobab died, and Husham of the land of the Temanites reigned in his stead. 35. Husham died, and Hadad, son of Bedad, who defeated Midian in the field of Moab, reigned in his stead. The name of his city was Avith. 36. Hadad died, and Samlah of Masrekah reigned in his stead. 37. Samlah died, and Saul of Rehoboth by the river reigned in his stead. 38. Saul died, and Baal Hanan, son of Achbor, reigned in his stead. 39. Baal Hanan, son of Achbor died, and Hadar reigned in his stead. The name of his city was Pau; his wife’s name was Mehetabel, daughter of Matred, the daughter of Me zahab. 40. And these are the names of the chieftains of Esau, according to their clans, according to their places, by their names: Chief Timna, Chief Alvah, Chief Jetheth; 41. Chief Oholibamah, Chief Elah, Chief Pinon, 42. Chief Kenaz, Chief Teman, Chief Mibzar, 43. Chief Magdiel, Chief Iram. These are the chieftains of Edom according to their dwelling places in the land of their possession. That is Esau, progenitor of the Edomites.

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Haftorah In a Nutshell for Vayishlach

Obadiah 1:1-21

This week’s haftorah mentions the punishment of Edom, the descendents of Esau, whose conflict with Jacob is chronicled in this week’s Torah reading.

The prophet Obadiah, himself an Edomian convert to Judaism, describes the punishment destined for the nation of Edom. The Edomites did not come to Judea’s aid when she was being destroyed by the Babylonians, and even joined in the carnage. Many years later the Edomites (the Roman Empire) themselves destroyed the Second Temple and mercilessly killed and enslaved their Jewish cousins.

Though the Roman Empire was one of the mightiest to ever inhabit the earth, the prophet forewarns: “If you go up high like an eagle, and if you place your nest among the stars, from there I will bring you down, says the L*rd. . . And the house of Jacob shall be fire and the house of Joseph a flame, and the house of Esau shall become stubble, and they shall ignite them and consume them, and the house of Esau shall have no survivors, for the L*rd has spoken.”

After describing the division of Esau’s lands amongst the returning Judean exiles, the haftorah concludes with the well known phrase: “And saviors shall ascend Mt. Zion to judge the mountain of Esau, and the L*rd shall have the kingdom.”

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Haftorah Reading for Vayishlach

Obadiah 1:1-21

Chapter 1

1. The vision of Obadiah; So said the L*rd G*d concerning Edom; We have heard tidings from the L*rd, and a messenger has been sent among the nations, “Arise and let us rise up against them in war!” 2. Behold I have made you small among the nations; you are very despised. 3. The wickedness of your heart enticed you, who dwell in the clefts of the rock, whose habitation is high, who says to himself, “Who will bring me down to the earth?” 4. If you go up high like an eagle, and if you place your nest among the stars, from there I will bring you down, says the L*rd. 5. Did thieves come upon you, did plunderers of the night? How were you silent? Will they not steal till they have enough? If vintagers came upon you, would they not leave over some gleaning grapes? 6. How Esau was searched out, how his hidden things were revealed! 7. Until the border all your allies escorted you; your friends enticed you, yea prevailed against you; your food they lay as a wound under you; there is no discernment in them. 8. Shall I not in that day-says the L*rd-destroy wise men from Edom and discernment from the mountain of Esau? 9. And your mighty men shall be dismayed, O dwellers of the southland, in order that every man be cut off from the mountain of Esau by slaughter. 10. Because of the violence of your brother Jacob, shame shall cover you, and you shall be cut off forever. 11. On that day you stood from afar, on the day strangers captured his possessions, and foreigners came into his cities, and on Jerusalem they cast lots; you, too, are like one of them. 12. And you should not have looked on the day of your brother on the day of his being delivered, and you should not have rejoiced about the children of Judah on the day of their destruction, and you should not have spoken proudly on the day of distress. 13. You should not have come into the gate of My people on the day of their misfortune; you too should not have looked at their affliction on the day of their misfortune, and you should not have stretched out [your hand] upon their possessions on the day of their misfortune. 14. And you should not have stood by the gap to cut off their fugitives, neither should you have delivered their survivors on the day of distress. 15. For the day of the L*rd over all the nations is close; as you have done shall be done to you; your recompense shall be returned upon your head. 16. For, as you drank on My Holy Mount, shall all the nations drink constantly, and they shall drink and be stunned, and they shall be as though they were not. 17. And on Mount Zion there shall be a remnant, and it shall be holy, and the house of Jacob shall inherit those who inherited them. 18. And the house of Jacob shall be fire and the house of Joseph a flame, and the house of Esau shall become stubble, and they shall ignite them and consume them, and the house of Esau shall have no survivors, for the L*rd has spoken. 19. And [the inhabitants of] the southland shall inherit the mountain of Esau, and [the inhabitants of] the plain, the Philistines, and they shall inherit the field of Ephraim and the field of Samaria, and Benjamin [with the inhabitants of] Gilead. 20. And this exiled host of the children of Israel who are [with] the Canaanites as far as Zarephath and the exile of Jerusalem which is in Sepharad shall inherit the cities of the southland. 21. And saviors shall ascend Mt. Zion to judge the mountain of Esau, and the L*rd shall have the kingdom.

7) Parshah Vayeitzei

https://www.chabad.org/parshah/default_cdo/aid/9173/jewish/Vayeitzei.htm

Vayeitzei in a Nutshell
Genesis 28:10–32:3

Jacob leaves his hometown of Beersheba and journeys to Charan. On the way, he encounters “the place” and sleeps there, dreaming of a ladder connecting heaven and earth, with angels climbing and descending on it; G‑d appears and promises that the land upon which he lies will be given to his descendants. In the morning, Jacob raises the stone on which he laid his head as an altar and monument, pledging that it will be made the house of G‑d.

In Haran, Jacob stays with and works for his uncle Laban, tending Laban’s sheep. Laban agrees to give him his younger daughter, Rachel—whom Jacob loves—in marriage, in return for seven years’ labor. But on the wedding night, Laban gives him his elder daughter, Leah, instead—a deception Jacob discovers only in the morning. Jacob marries Rachel, too, a week later, after agreeing to work another seven years for Laban.

Leah gives birth to six sons—Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar and Zebulun—and a daughter, Dinah, while Rachel remains barren. Rachel gives Jacob her handmaid, Bilhah, as a wife to bear children in her stead, and two more sons, Dan and Naphtali, are born. Leah does the same with her handmaid, Zilpah, who gives birth to Gad and Asher. Finally, Rachel’s prayers are answered and she gives birth to Joseph.

Jacob has now been in Charan for fourteen years, and wishes to return home. But Laban persuades him to remain, now offering him sheep in return for his labor. Jacob prospers, despite Laban’s repeated attempts to swindle him. After six years, Jacob leaves Charan in stealth, fearing that Laban would prevent him from leaving with the family and property for which he labored. Laban pursues Jacob, but is warned by G‑d in a dream not to harm him. Laban and Jacob make a pact on Mount Gal-Ed, attested to by a pile of stones, and Jacob proceeds to the Holy Land, where he is met by angels.